The roles of the country’s security forces and Colombians in the event raise many questions.
Wednesday The night before July 7, the President of Haiti Jovenel Moïse was murdered. A group of people attacked the president’s private apartment in the morning and shot him to death.
Haitian police said they arrested a Haitian on Sunday Christian Emmanuel Sanonin. During interrogations, police claimed to have found out that Sanon had recruited 26 mercenaries. There are a total of 28 suspects.
Suspects among them are 15 Colombians arrested, three Americans, and three Colombians killed after the murder. Several suspects are said to be still at large.
News agencies and the international media have reported that Colombians are veterans of the Colombian army. They had been hired, at least in part, through the Nicaraguan-based U.S.-based security company CTU.
What is known about the murder operation – and what is still unclear?
What did the Colombians do in Haiti?
According to Haitian police, the men hired, including Colombian veterans, were originally tasked with protecting their hired Sanon.
“Later, however, the target changed and the attackers were issued a presidential arrest warrant,” the police chief Léon Charles said AFP, according to a news conference on Sunday.
For example Duberney Capadorin sister Jenny Carolina Capador says his brother said after the murder on Wednesday that he had arrived too late to rescue the “important person” he had been hired to protect. When he called, he was in the house where he was shot.
Capador, as well as another Colombian killed after the murder Mauricio Romeron wife Giovanna Romero thus implying in the New York Times that the men would have been sent to protect President Moïse, not Sanoni.
Haitian police have also questioned the story of Colombian guilt by a former senator, a well-known opposition politician Steven Benoit.
Benoit told the New York Times that he found it strange that the Colombians did not immediately try to escape the country after Moïse’s death. Instead, they remained and were killed or imprisoned.
How did the murder operation succeed without the other victims?
Benoit also raised another important issue in an interview with the New York Times.
“The story simply doesn’t match. How were no security guards shot or even wounded at the Presidential Palace? ”
In Moïse’s assassination operation, only the president himself died, and the only wounded was his wife. This has been considered suspicious, and the country’s chief prosecutor has begun to investigate the role of Haitian security forces in the incidents, according to the New York Times.
According to the BBC, two senior presidential security officials are due to be questioned on 13 and 14 July.
What was the possible motive?
Haitian police first talked about the motive when Sanon was arrested. Sanon is alleged to have come to the country with “political motives”. In his statements, the Chief of Police indicated that Sanon himself wanted to be president.
Sanoutio has released Youtube videos in 2011 in which he talks under the heading “Leadership for Haiti” about the country’s corruption and the hopelessness of its citizens.
However, the Haitian police authorities have still been frivolous, so the motives of Sanon and other potential culprits remain unclear.
What is certain is that President Moïse had time to acquire several enemies during his tenure. He said, for example, that he was trying to weaken the position of the rich and allegedly sought to concentrate power on himself.
Read more: The assassinated President of Haiti, Moïse, was known as a “banana man” and an opponent of the oligarchs, who over the years became increasingly authoritarian and hateful
Who came to power after the murder?
After Moïse’s death, both the caretaker prime minister have wanted to be in power Claude Joseph the President of the Senate Joseph Lambert. Prime Minister Joseph’s legitimacy has been challenged by the country’s last elected politicians.
Eight of the ten sitting senators signed a statement demanding the resignation of Joseph and the formation of a new interim administration led by Lambert. Prior to Moïse’s assassination, he had appointed another politician as prime minister Ariel Henrynwho, however, did not have time to swear an oath of office before the murder.
Elections are scheduled for September in Haiti. According to the New York Times, NGOs are concerned that the election could exacerbate the situation. Several organizations also question the ability to hold fair elections.
However, the UN Security Council, the United States and the EU are in favor of holding the elections on schedule, AFP says.
What has followed from the murder for the citizens?
Haiti has suffered from an unstable, gang-colored situation even before the assassination of the president. Instability has increased with the assassination.
Gangs, for example, have protested against the assassination of the president on the streets. Leader of a multi-gang alliance Jimmy Cherizier called the incident in his Twitter video “a national and international conspiracy against Haitians”.
The streets were shot last weekend through the night between Saturday and Sunday.
There are dozens of Haitians as well According to the New York Times packed in the U.S. embassy yard from Thursday to ask to escape the country.
“We Haitian citizens are in danger. We live in a state of constant insecurity. Even our president, who was a man guarded by the country, was the victim of assassins, ”one person who sought asylum from the United States, Thervil Henrider told the New York Times.