Scientists believe that extreme weather in many regions of the world is not just weather anomalies, but the catastrophic consequences of global warming, which overtook the world ahead of time. How writes Bloomberg, the climate has already warmed 1.2 degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels and will continue to warm.
The news is increasingly featuring devastating weather events – wildfires in Siberia and the United States, as well as floods in Western Europe. However, there are other disasters that receive less attention. For example, in the penultimate week of July alone, 380,000 people were evacuated in the Chinese province of Henan due to floods, 30 villages in East African Uganda were affected, and 164 people died in the Indian metropolis of Mumbai. In addition, extremely high temperatures are now observed in Turkey and North America (up to 50 degrees Celsius), while in Brazil and southern Africa – unprecedented cold (below minus one degree Celsius).
Finland recorded the longest heat ever recorded – for 31 days the temperature did not drop below 25 degrees Celsius. Local media report that the heat has overcrowded emergency rooms – mostly for heart disease or dehydration. Virpi Kollanus, a researcher at the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, fears the prolonged heat wave will lead to several hundred additional deaths, especially among the elderly. And in Iran, the hottest summer in decades has led to water shortages that sparked protests in the country’s southwest. The shootout killed at least one protester and one police officer.
All these natural disasters have one thing in common – global warming. According to the German meteorologist Johannes Kvaas, the climate’s response to greenhouse gas emissions is not immediately apparent. The abnormal temperatures and associated weather events that we see today are the result of emissions that entered the atmosphere several decades ago.
Kvaas believes that even if the world reaches zero emissions by 2050, the planet will continue to heat up until it reaches climate balance. Scientists estimate that by the end of the century the climate will be 1.5-2 degrees Celsius warmer than pre-industrial levels. However, no one can be 100 percent sure of the forecasts – such an experiment is being conducted on the planet for the first time.
The joint efforts of all countries of the world to reduce greenhouse gas emissions will help save humanity from the destructive effects of global warming. The experts called the installation of direct carbon capture and storage systems the most efficient and at the same time the most expensive way.