At just 15 years old, Giorgia Meloni knocking at the door of the Youth Front, the puppies of Italian post-fascism.
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That small girl with a severe look undertook a career dedicated exclusively to politics that now, after dominating all the men in her ranks, achieved her highest challenge this Sunday: becomes the first woman to conquer the Government of Italy.
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The leader of the far-right Brothers of Italy (FdI) affirmed this Monday that the right will govern “to unite all Italians” in her first statements after her party became the most voted in the country, which will make her the first woman to govern Italy.
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In his appearance this morning at a hotel on the outskirts of Rome, Meloni made a very measured speech without triumphalist tones, in which he assured that the right-wing coalition, with Matteo Salvini’s League and Silvio Berlusconi’s Forza Italia, will govern “for that Italians can be proud to be Italians”.
But who is the first woman to come to power in Italy, and how did she mark her rise to triumph?
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A childhood among women
The prologue to Meloni’s life (Rome, 1977) is marked by the indelible stamp of abandonment. Her mother, Anna, had to raise her alone, along with her beloved older sister, Arianna, after her father abandoned them and left for the Canary Islands.
One day her mother explained to her that she had brought her into the world ignoring those who recommended an abortion: “I owe everything to my mother, a woman of will, cultured, who hides a fragile soul behind the armor she wears to face life,” she acknowledges in his memoirs, 2021.
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The girls maintained a weak contact with their elusive father, visiting him every summer in La Gomera, until Giorgia, only 11 years old, decided not to see him anymore when she heard point-blank his lack of interest in them. And she fulfilled it until her death.
Theirs was “a wounded family,” a mother and two girls under the roof of a “good” Rome apartment that one day caught fire from a candle the sisters left burning in their bedroom.
“We met on the street,” he recalls. Mrs. Anna managed to sell what was left of the house and move to the working-class neighborhood of Garbatella, where by chance she came into contact with politics, to which she would dedicate her life.
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Meloni loved music, from Italian singer-songwriters to Michael Jackson, devouring the pages of “The Lord of the rings” and does not hide that suffered bullying.
His political baptism
Everything changed when, at the age of 15, he knocked on the “shielded” door of the Youth Front, the youth organization of the former Italian Social Movement (MSI), founded by the last fascists.
The girl, always opposed to celebrating the Day of Liberation from Nazi-fascism because it saw it as “divisive”, inaugurated its militancy one incandescent summer of 1992, while the First Republic collapsed under the weight of corruption and mafia bombs.
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Her life consisted of weekend activism, codenamed “Calimera” to throw off leftist street gangs, and babysitting or waitressing jobs to bring home money.
In 1996, four years later, the young woman, already known for her dialectical toughness, rose as the national leader of “Azione Studentesca”, the National Alliance youth movement, the new face of the MSI, with which she was elected provincial councilor in Rome.
His rise was meteoric, passing over all men, until At the age of 29, she reached the Chamber of Deputies, of which she was vice president until 2008, when she was appointed Minister of Youth by Berlusconi.
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To the top
The rise of this woman with a deep voice, blonde hair and icy eyes coincides with her presidency, since 2014, of the Brothers of Italy, the new heirs of the MSI, with whom she is preparing her conquest of the country.
In 2016 she tried to be mayor of Rome, without success, but gained great popularity campaigning pregnant with her only daughter, Ginevra, as Lancelot’s queen, fruit of her relationship with journalist Andrea Giambruno.
Since then his role has only increased (in the 2018 elections he obtained a sad 4%).
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I am Giorgia, I am a woman, mother, Italian and Christian and they will not take it away from me
Its success stems from exploiting discontent over the pandemic and its role as the sole opposition to Mario Draghi’s defunct national unity coalition.
In this time he has transcended borders as a supporter of the Hungarian ultra-nationalist Viktor Orban or as chairman of the European Conservatives and Reformists Party, that of the Spanish Vox.
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‘I am Giorgia’
His high point came when, in October 2019, he appeared before thousands of people in the Plaza de San Juan de Letrán, a trade union fiefdom, to proclaim: “I am Giorgia, I am a woman, a mother, an Italian and a Christian and they will not take it away from me” , in direct attack on homosexual legislation.
Then two guys took her speech, mixed it with electronic music, and inadvertently elevated her to pop icon. All of Italy danced and spread that catchy song.
His rivals, he maintains, are the “bureaucrats” in Brussels, the LGBT community or the “lounge left”, while admires Vladimir Putin’s Russia for sharing the “European value system, defending Christianity and combating Islamic fundamentalism”, although it promises “loyalty” to the West.
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His ideology clarified it forever in a Vox electoral act in Marbella (southern Spain): “There are no possible mediations, it is said yes or no. Yes to the natural family, no to the LGBT lobby; yes to sexual identity, no to gender ideology; yes to the culture of life, no to the abyss of death; yes to the universality of the cross, no to Islamic violence; yes to secure borders, no to mass immigration”.
Giorgia Meloni was presenting herself to the world.
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How do you explain his rise?
Its vertiginous rise is due in large part to the fact that it was the only one to oppose the Draghi government for 18 months, which has favored it to collect the discontent of Italians in the face of inflation, the war in Ukraine and the restrictions due to the pandemic. .
A more than amazing phenomenon, since in the legislative elections of 2013 it did not obtain 2% of the votes.
In ten years, he has managed to interpret the frustrated hopes of Italians against the “orders” of the European Union as well as the protests about the high cost of living and the blocked future of young people.
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Representative of post-fascism, he is not afraid to defend a hard right; he brandishes his conservative and catholic, nationalist and centralist ideological baggage, and presents himself with a motto: “God, country and family”.
Your priorities are close the borders to protect Italy from “Islamization” and renegotiate European treaties so that Rome regains control of its own destiny.
Another of his priorities is to fight against “gay pressure groups” and against “demographic winter” in one of the countries with the most elderly in the world.
Of fascism and other demons
The leader of the heir party of the Italian Social Movement (MSI), a neo-fascist formation founded after World War II by supporters of Mussolini, clarified in August her controversial relationship with fascism.
“The Italian right has relegated fascism to history for decades, unambiguously condemning the deprivation of democracy and the infamous anti-Jewish laws,” Meloni said in a video sent in August in several languages to foreign media accredited in Italy. .
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Nevertheless, the Brothers of Italy emblem bears the red-green-white tricolor flame, a symbol invented in 1946 by the group of fascist veterans who founded the MSI.
Several media have broadcast the video these days when at the age of 19 he declared his admiration for Mussolini: “For me he was a good politician. Everything he did, he did for Italy,” he explained then.
INTERNATIONAL WRITING*With information from EFE and the AFP Agency
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