Scientists from Germany have proposed to divide cases of coronavirus infection into five types, depending on the response of the immune system.
Experts at the University of Bonn, after analyzing the immune genes of 95 volunteers, including those with COVID-19, identified five categories. The results of their research are published in the publication Genome medicine…
The first two groups were severe cases, in the other three the virus was milder.
These groups were identified by the state of genes in neutrophil cells, which are responsible for innate immunity, which is activated after the pathogen enters the body.
It turned out that when infected with the coronavirus, neutrophils work in five different ways. In addition, the activity of genes in neutrophils when interacting with coronavirus is different from that that occurs with other infections, including influenza or HIV.
At the same time, scientists believe that there may be more types of COVID-19 than it was possible to determine by neutrophils, and they intend to find out.
It was previously reported that coronavirus vaccines could be upgraded to enhance protection against a variety of mutations. According to research by scientists from South Africa, mutations make the strain more resistant to antibodies in the blood plasma of donors with the transferred coronavirus.