Ethiopia, ceasefire arrives in Tigray for humanitarian reasons
In the region of Tigray, north of Ethiopia, the guerrillas of the Tplf it has sown death and destruction from November until today. The logic of the militiamen, against the government of Addis Ababa, it was burning earth, taking everything away, setting fire to ambulances, ransacking hospitals, frightening the population.
Especially by isolating the Tigray from the rest of the country that on the 21st of this month he went to the polls. The voters were called to choose the members of Parliament, while the leader of the winning party will become Prime Minister. Important test bed for the Prosperity Party of the premier Abiy Ahmed, in government since 2018 and for the first time in the elections. The results are not yet available, however the turnout was high, a significant figure because the opposition called for abstention.
And precisely on the elections, the Tplf the clash with Addis Ababa begins. Scheduled for August 2020, they have been postponed for the pandemic. The Tplf, however, ignores the central government’s decision, calling autonomous elections in September. Soon after the clash will become armed. On 4 November, in fact, the militiamen attack the Northern Command, the country’s most important reserve of armaments. The Tplf, Tigray People’s Liberation Front, is the party born during the struggle against Menghistu Haile Mariam. In 1991 the then leader Meles Zenawi he established ethnic federalism in the country, placing himself, with his party, at the head of the government coalition and controlling it thanks to the seven per cent Tigrinya representation.
In the war against Addis Ababa, the Tplf puts on the field 250,000 fighters including militias, special forces and police. Before attacking the North Barracks, his tactic is to destroy infrastructures and telecommunications. It is important to remember that the destruction of telephone lines, of the internet, of the main arteries to the capital and Mekellè airport it happens before and not after the attack. And that the Tplf militiamen who surround the region do so.
In the hours of that tragic night, many soldiers of the federal army will die. Others, on the other hand, will manage to escape, crossing the border to find help and refuge in Eritrea, which in the following days undergoes a series of missile launches from areas of Tigray controlled by the Tplf. The purpose would be drag Eritrea into the conflict, but Asmara does not react.
After all, it is precisely the neighboring territory on the plateau, the one between Eritrea and Ethiopia, which had triggered the war from 1998-2000, followed until 2018 by the state of neither war nor peace. A condition of instability desired by the Ethiopian government that does not respect the Algiers agreement which had defined part of the disputed territories as Eritreans. It is the signature in Asmara between Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and President Isaias Afwerki, in 2018, to put an end, almost twenty years later, to the cold war condition between Eritrea and Ethiopia. A very important political choice, which earned Abiy the award in 2019 Nobel Peace Prize.