Estonian presidential candidate, speaker of the Estonian parliament Henn Põlluaas demanded that Russia return part of the territory. He announced his idea during the congress of the Estonian People’s Conservative Party (EKRE).
According to the politician, the Tartu Peace Treaty, concluded between Russia and Estonia in 1920, and the state border indicated in it are still valid.
Moscow recognizes the Treaty of Tartu only as a historical document and does not consider it valid. Thus, the statement of the speaker of the Estonian parliament can be regarded as territorial claims against Russia.
Border negotiations between Russia and Estonia have been going on for many years. In 2005, the parties signed the first border agreement, but during the ratification the Estonian side included in it a reference to the Tartu Peace Treaty, after which Moscow withdrew the signature. In 2014, the countries signed a new agreement, which has not yet been ratified.
Estonia officially recognizes the absence of territorial claims against Russia. President Kersti Kaljulaid said that the conditions for the country’s admission to NATO were the renunciation of territorial claims and the preservation of the borders that were formed after the Second World War. In particular, giving a speech in honor of the 102nd anniversary of the country’s independence, Kaljulaid stressed that Estonia has no territorial claims to its neighbors.
However, Põlluaas allowed himself to make similar statements earlier. In particular, he recalled the country’s territorial claims against Russia during his New Year’s address. Then Moscow replied that the statements of the Estonian parliamentarian were probably addressed to the domestic audience and were intended to increase his popularity among the electorate. At the same time, they have a negative impact on Russian-Estonian relations.
Earlier, the deputy director of the Institute of History and Politics of the Moscow State Pedagogical University, historian Vladimir Shapovalov pointed out that “there are no historical or legal grounds for Estonian claims.” “An appeal to history in this case is absolutely inappropriate,” he stressed. The expert noted that the territory mentioned by the speaker of the Estonian parliament is part of Russia, which is also confirmed by international law, and is inhabited by Russian citizens. According to Shapovalov, such statements by representatives of the Estonian authorities should be condemned by the entire international community.
As a result of the Second World War, a peace treaty was not concluded between Moscow and Tokyo. The main obstacle to its signing was the unresolved territorial dispute over the southern part of the Kuriles – the Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan islands and the Habomai group of islands. The Japanese side calls the South Kurils northern territories and does not recognize Russian sovereignty over them. Moscow, in turn, does not recognize the very fact of the territorial dispute. Washington, like Tokyo, considers the South Kuriles to be part of Japan.
In 2007, Latvia abandoned territorial claims against Russia, which made it possible to conclude a border treaty. This decision was dictated by the desire for membership in NATO and the EU, since it requires the absence of unresolved territorial disputes with third countries.
On May 14, Verkhovna Rada deputy from the European Solidarity party Aleksey Goncharenko said that the Kuban should belong to Ukraine. The parliamentarian was outraged that in Russia Kharkov and Odessa are called Russian cities. In response, he offered to “remind” that “even a hundred years ago” in the Kuban they spoke Ukrainian. According to the politician, these are “Ukrainian ethnic lands” cut off from the country “by the will of fate”. “Today many people there have forgotten that they were part of the Ukrainians. But all the same, I think that these roots – both by surnames, and by songs, and by culture – they look different, ”he said.