Yaroslav Nilov, Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Labor, Social Policy and Veterans Affairs, reacted to the data on the income required by Russian families in order to make ends meet. In an interview with Lente.ru, he called the figures provided by the Federal State Statistics Service “the average temperature in the hospital.”
RBC, citing a study by Rosstat, reported that Russian households need to earn at least 60.9 thousand rubles. The respondents were asked to answer the question “What is the minimum monthly income your household needs to make ends meet, that is, to pay all the necessary daily expenses.”
Young families with children (80.9 thousand rubles) and families with disabled children (88.4 thousand) became the most demanding in terms of the minimum income. At the same time, the subsistence minimum in Russia for 2021 is 11.65 thousand rubles per person.
It also turned out that only 24.3 percent of households are able to buy the most essential goods without budgetary consequences. Some 75.7 percent of households are experiencing financial difficulties. There is a tendency to improve the situation for this indicator. So, in 2018, 79.5 percent of families experienced financial difficulties, in 2016 there were 84.6 percent of them.
The survey was conducted in October-November 2020 in all regions of the country, covering more than 100 thousand households. According to the 2010 census, there are 54.6 million private households in Russia.
In Russia, the cost of living is underestimated and labor is underestimated. This conclusion was reached by the chairman of the profile committee in the State Duma, evaluating the data obtained by Rosstat.
“I am always skeptical about Rosstat and their figures, their calculations. First, all these figures are the average temperature in the hospital. Look, our average salary in the country is perceived as very high in some regions, but not so in others. Because when calculating the average, the salary is determined in a prosperous subject, for example, in Moscow, in Tyumen or in the northern regions, where there are corresponding coefficients. There salaries are higher simply on the assumption that the standard of living is completely different, the prices are much higher and life there is expensive. Therefore, I do not understand these average figures at all. I believe that this is generally an incorrect presentation of average figures, ”said Yaroslav Nilov, chairman of the State Duma Committee on Labor, Social Policy and Veterans Affairs.
He noted that Rosstat considers inflation, and that, according to his personal observations, does not correspond to reality. “It is enough to see how the prices in stores, pharmacies, the cost of housing and communal services and transport have changed,” the politician pointed out.
According to him, starting this year, the cost of living and the minimum wage began to be calculated using a new method. Nilov said that the average per capita median income is taken to calculate the subsistence minimum, thus it depends on the real incomes of all citizens. “The minimum wage is also calculated. The median value is established and all salaries received by our citizens are analyzed, “Nilov said.
“I agree that our living wage is low, our minimum wage is low. It is unacceptable when people work, but live below the poverty line. But I am very skeptical about these numbers. In general, they can be viewed as confirmation that the cost of living is understated in Russia and labor is underestimated. The minimum wage should be increased, ”the politician summed up.