First modification: 08/12/2021 – 04:51
The citizens of these countries can from this Wednesday, August 11, 2021, reside, work and move freely through the four territories, according to the so-called “decision 878” promoted by the Andean Community of Nations, which establishes the Andean Migration Statute.
The freedom of movement, residence and work of citizens among the four countries that make up the Andean Community (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru) is the key to the new Andean Migration Statute that came into force this Wednesday.
The so-called “Decision 878”, promoted by the CAN, opens the door to integration of the 111 million inhabitants of the regional space, said the general secretary of the Andean Community of Nations (CAN), Jorge Hernando Pedraza, in an interview with the EFE agency.
The new regulations have three main keys: circulation, temporary residence and permanent residence.
CAN citizens may enter as tourists – for a period of 90 days, extendable for an equal period – to member countries just by presenting a valid and current national identification document.
Within 36 months, the CAN countries must set up special immigration windows for the transit of their citizens.
Great news! Today Decision 878 “Andean Migration Statute” enters into force, a norm that regulates community right of movement and establishes temporary and permanent residence for Andean citizens in Bolivia🇧🇴, Colombia🇨🇴, Ecuador🇪🇨 and Peru🇵🇪. ➡️https://t.co/lEBcinHZiO pic.twitter.com/ioCrGO5JTU
– Andean Community (@ComunidadAndina) August 11, 2021
If a citizen wishes to reside in another CAN member country, they may request temporary residence at the consulate of the destination country or directly in the host country, regardless of their immigration status.
The term of temporary residence is two years, extendable for another two years.
With this residence, they will be able to enter, leave, circulate and remain freely in their country of immigration, after completing the established formalities.
They may also carry out any activity for their own account or for someone else, under the same conditions as nationals of the receiving country.
The requirements to access the residence are: a valid travel document valid for six months, a valid criminal record certificate, having paid the corresponding administrative fees and formally requesting it.
To apply for permanent residence, CAN citizens must do so 90 days before the expiration of their temporary residence. Once obtained, the residence will be indefinite.
To the documents provided to acquire temporary residence, they must add an accreditation of the legal means of life that allow their subsistence and that of their family group, if applicable.
Permanent residence enables them to carry out any professional activity, on their own or someone else’s, under the same conditions as nationals of the host country. They will also enjoy the same civil, social, cultural and economic rights and freedoms.