The actual environmental sustainability of electric cars is one of the issues that continues to hold the spot, especially after the European Union announced the stop to the sale of cars equipped with a thermal engine starting from 2035. There are those who speak of a logical choice, confirming the thesis of the electric that represents the future of green mobility, and those who strongly contest this decision, speaking of a real suicide. But are electric vehicles really zero environmental impact?
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The discussions on the real air pollution by battery-powered cars they follow each other relentlessly. And in an article that appeared on the blog of the journalist Nicola Porro, various evaluations are provided in support of the idea that electric cars are by no means the greenest solution available at the moment, quite the contrary. Starting with the decision of the Autorité de Règulation Professionnelle de la Publicitè, more conveniently known as ARPP, which recently considered ethically incorrect and banned the Renault advertising that explicitly encouraged consumers to use the Zoe electric to reduce air pollution if the electricity for recharging does not come exclusively from renewable or nuclear resources. It is no coincidence that more and more car manufacturers globally are investing large sums of money in decarbonization process of the entire production chain, because as we often read, an electric car can be considered truly zero emissions only if all the operations strictly connected to its construction are also carbon neutral.
To the topic of atmospheric pollution must then be added that of electromagnetic pollution: it is necessary to evaluate whether the electromagnetic radiation can create dangerous interference, perhaps with pacemakers or autonomous driving systems, and precisely in this sense it should be remembered that the deputy director of the Sustainable Transport Unit JRC Research Center of Ispra said that in a scenario with millions of electric cars magnetic fields generated in parking lots or charging areas could determine dangers for passers-by and residents.
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Drawing a balance on what the real level of pollution of electric cars is is therefore not easy. Above all, if you compare it to other types of food. “The ranking of vehicles polluting the environment sees the electric vehicle in first place circulating in Europe, with the exception of France and Sweden (Electric EU), followed by the one fueled by methane bifuel and by the hybrid petrol one – reads the article – Followed by, with less environmental pollution, the petrol-powered vehicle, the electric vehicle circulating exclusively in France (the one circulating in Sweden, not analyzed due to the lack of reliable data on the general production efficiency of electricity, pollutes more than that circulating in France. , but less than the hybrid one), and finally the diesel-fueled vehicle ”. In a nutshell, electric vehicles are the ones that pollute the least while driving, but they are by far the most harmful to the environment if we consider the phases of production and disposal, mostly because of the batteries and motors. So what is the best compromise?