The Carnation Revolution ended more than four decades of dictatorship in Portugal in 1974. The disputed leader of the revolution died on Sunday at the age of 84.
Portuguese the leader of the revolution Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho died on Sunday at the age of 84, a group of captains involved in the revolution told the news agency AFP. According to sources, he died at a military hospital in Lisbon.
In Portugal, a lieutenant colonel known simply as Otelo led the so-called carnation revolution, which ended more than four decades of dictatorship in Portugal in 1974. The revolution got its name from the carnations that anti-government soldiers put in their barrels.
The almost bloodless coup brought large-scale social, economic and political reforms to Portugal. The Carnation Revolution took place on April 25, 1974, and ended from 1926 onwards Antonio de Oliveira Salazarin and since 1968 Marcelo Caetanon under the leadership of a continuing dictatorship.
“The cave rightly became one of the symbols of the revolution that ended the longest dictatorship in Europe in the 20th century and paved the way for democracy,” Antonio Costan the chancellor said in a statement.
Otelo was born in 1936 in Mozambique, then a Portuguese colony. He began his military career in the early 1960s, when Portugal was involved in colonial wars.
After the 1974 revolution, Otelo twice tried to run for president with poor success.
In 1987, he was sentenced to 15 years in prison for alleged involvement in the left-wing FP-25 movement, which was accused of attacks that claimed several lives in the 1980s. However, he was released in 1996.
Portugal the Communist Party said, according to AFP, that Otelo should remember especially his role in the 1974 uprising, not so much his political career.
The far-right Chega party, for its part, said Othello had “a perverted and destructive role in the post-25 April period”.
President of Portugal Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa noted that Otelo “arouses deep disagreement in Portuguese society,” but admitted he was “the leading protagonist at a crucial moment in modern Portuguese history”.