The program and the guests at the Forum
No snow, no golf car among the cloaked woods, and not even the enchanted mountain of Thomas Man. For the second consecutive year, the World Economic Forum from Davos will take place in virtual mode due to the pandemic. The opening of the works is scheduled for tomorrow morning at 11, for a duration online until Friday 21 January, with the video conference speech by the Chinese president, Xi Jinping, and the founder and executive president of the Forum, Klaus Schwab.
On the table of the gotha world of leaders, industrialists and social networks star once again le global challenges, the global challenges which, this year, still see the Covid, with her Omicron variant and, of course, the global recovery after two years of pandemic. The Wef will be the first global platform of the year to offer the opportunity to reflect on the “state of the world” to the main heads of state and government, ai CEOs and leaders from the civil society and of international organizations.
“Radically different pandemic experiences have exacerbated global divisions”, the Wef underlines in a note noting that “vaccine inequalities, combined with new strains, have also slowed the international economic recovery”. “However – as the Global Risks Report 2022 – Covid-19 is just one of the critical global challenges that could become unmanageable unless world leaders prioritize proactive collaboration. “
“Consequently, Davos’ agenda will focus on promotion of concerted actions between key stakeholders worldwide“Schwab explains:” Everyone is hoping that in 2022 the pandemic and the crises that accompanied it will finally begin to recede. But great global challenges lie ahead, from climate change to rebuilding trust and social cohesion. To address them, leaders will need to adopt new models, look long term, renew cooperation and act systematically. The Davos Agenda 2022 is the starting point for the dialogue necessary for global cooperation in 2022 “.
Through special addresses and panels with leaders of the G20 economies and international organizations, the Davos 2022 Agenda will provide insights into a number of critical challenges. The intervention of many world leaders is foreseen: in addition to Xi Jinping, they will express themselves Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India; Kishida Fumio, prime minister of Japan; Antonio Guterres, Secretary General of the United Nations; Ursula von der Leyen, president of the European Commission; Scott Morrison, prime minister of Australia; Joko Widodo, president of Indonesia; Naftali Bennett, prime minister of Israel; Janet L. Yellen, secretary of the United States Treasury; Yemi Osinbajo, Vice President of Nigeria.
Personalities from institutions, from the scientific world and leading politicians such as Christine Lagarde, president of the ECB; John Kerry, US Special Climate Envoy; Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO director general; Anthony Fauci, virologist and director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases from the USA, among the most listened to experts during the Covid epidemic; Paulo Guedes, Minister of Economy of Brazil, Abdulaziz Bin Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Minister of Energy of Saudi Arabia.
Between key sessions: Covid-19 – What are the prospects? (January 17); Technological cooperation in the fourth industrial revolution (January 17); Renewal of a global social contract (January 18); Addressing the vaccine equity challenge (January 18); Navigating the Energy Transition (January 19th); Accelerate and Increase Climate Innovation (January 19); ESG metrics for a sustainable future (January 20); Live from Space: The Next Frontier for Knowledge and Action (January 20); Global Economic Outlook (January 21); Building the future preparation (January 21). In Global Risks Report, released on Tuesday, the Wef stressed that, in the third year of the pandemic, it is not Covid that is at the top of international concerns but rather climate-related risks, growing social divides and the cyber threat.
According to the document, which will be on the table of world leaders al Forum, 5 of the 10 greatest risks to the planet relate to the climate or the environment. The report calls on world leaders to take long-term action by drawing up an agenda for the coming years. The short-term threats, we read, are in particular extreme weather events, social divisions, humanitarian crises, worsening people’s mental health, but also infectious diseases, the debt crisis and digital inequality.
In the medium term, on the other hand, there is the lack of action on the climate, the geo-economic comparison, the loss of biodervist ‘, the inability to guarantee cybersecurity and the damage caused by man to the environment. In the long run, there are geopolitical disputes over natural resources. In the ranking of risks by level of severity, the first place is occupied by the lack of climatic action and the second by violent atmospheric events. In third place is the loss of biodiversity, in fourth the erosion of social cohesion and in fifth the humanitarian crises, that is those linked to livelihood.
AND’ only in sixth place, in a ranking of 10 risks, are infectious diseases. Nonetheless, the WEF warns that “with the start of 2022, Covid-19 and its economic and social consequences continue to pose a threat to the world”. “The inequalities in access to vaccines and the disparities that these cause on economic recovery – the report continues – risk exacerbating social fractures and geopolitical tensions. In the 52 poorest countries, where 20% of the world population lives, only 6% of people have been vaccinated so far “.
“By 2024 – it continues – the economies of developing countries (excluding China) will have lost 5.5% of their GDP compared to the growth levels expected before the pandemic, while the advanced economies will have exceeded them by 0.9% and this will widen the global divide by creating tensions within and beyond borders that risk worsening the impact of the pandemic and complicating the coordination necessary to address common challenges, such as those relating to climate, digital security, the sustenance of populations and social cohesion “.
The risk of infectious diseases is followed by human-caused damage to the environment, natural resource crises, debt crises and, finally, geo-economic disputes. The areas of “emerging risk” are cybersecurity, competition in space, a disorderly climate transition and migratory pressures. Each of these issues requires worldwide coordination for effective management.
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