The professor of epidemiology believes that people need to adapt to a future in which they live with the coronavirus in the same way as those who caused previous pandemics.
Coronary immunizations are progressing at a rapid pace, and according to an estimate by the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), in October all willing Finns received two doses of coronary vaccine.
But what happens after that?
Director of THL’s Health Security Department Mika Salminen and Professor of Epidemiology Pekka Nuorti The University of Tampere emphasizes that it is not yet possible to know exactly what kind of disease the coronavirus will become in the future.
No one when yet knows exactly when or how the pandemic will end.
But most of the world’s experts agree that the coronavirus will not disappear from the planet. It is therefore to be assumed that the virus will continue to affect our lives in one way or another.
However, vaccines have been found to be effective in protecting against severe disease. The initial estimate, then, is that the coronavirus will become a much milder disease.
“The default is that in the future, the majority of the population will be vaccinated and protected from serious disease. In this way, we get rid of the worst effects of the disease and healthcare is no longer overburdened, ”says Salminen.
Read more: Already the first dose of vaccine effectively protects against deltoid-induced coronary heart disease
Younger according to the coronavirus is likely to continue to cause some kind of intermittent epidemic clusters in the future, especially in areas with poor vaccine coverage. They can be managed, for example, by infection detection and low-grade restrictions.
The young man wrote about the future with the coronavirus as well In the editorial of a medical journal in the beginning of June.
He recalls in the writing that pandemics have always changed the way society works and people behave.
“Instead of returning to the former, we need to adapt to a future in which we live with the coronavirus, as did the causes of previous pandemics,” Nuorti writes.
According to Mika Salminen, many are likely to develop coronary heart disease in the future without noticing it themselves.
“In the future, the symptom of the disease may be such that some people get such a mild disease that they don’t even notice it themselves and some get a little flu,” Salminen says.
However, he points out immediately that even this cannot be known precisely.
“And of course we have to remember that no vaccine is perfect. Certainly there will be exceptional cases in the future where a person acquires a serious infection despite vaccine protection, ”says Salminen.
Read more: As vaccinations progress, the risk of developing a serious form of the disease decreases – Can daily infection rates be considered as a picture of the disease situation?
Coronavirus has been repeatedly compared to influenza in the public debate during a pandemic.
It has been considered whether the coronavirus will become a seasonal flu-like disease in the future, circulating in the population, especially in winter, and also causing some hospital stays and deaths.
According to Salminen and Nuort, comparing the coronavirus to the flu is not very fruitful, because we do not yet know what kind of coronavirus epidemics may occur in the vaccinated population in the future.
“The comparison between influenza and coronavirus is lame because the coronary pandemic is still ongoing. For example, compared to the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, swine flu, coronary mortality is already multiple. And after all, we have several other winter respiratory infections in addition to the flu, ”says Young.
Let’s compare still a little.
In hospitalized patients, the risk of death from coronary heart disease is estimated to be 3 to 5 times higher than that from influenza.
“The population has previous resistance to influenza strains,” Young explains.
On the other hand, coronary vaccines have proven to be significantly more effective than influenza vaccines.
The coronavirus also spreads in very different ways than the flu.
“The flu wave cannot be stopped when it starts to move through the entire population, so efforts are being made to alleviate it with vaccinations and hygiene measures,” Nuorti says.
“The coronavirus, on the other hand, spreads in clusters, making it possible to control it up to a certain limit through effective testing and infection tracing.”
Extensive due to interest rate restrictions as well influenza season missed almost entirely last season. In general, respiratory infections did not spread much because people took better care of hygiene and did not face each other as before.
Experts around the world have been concerned that next year the flu season could be more severe than usual. The reason is that people’s individual immunity to influenza is impaired.
“Also, the vaccine cannot be made in the normal way based on the previous year’s virus strain. However, it is not yet known how the flu will develop and how well the influenza vaccine will provide protection, ”says Salminen.