A group of scientists from the Center for Cancer Research in Seattle (USA) have discovered an antibody that is able to fight various coronaviruses, including SARS-CoV2. The research results are published in the journal Nature.
Biochemists have studied 12 antibodies that were derived from people who have undergone various forms of coronavirus. The authors of the study compiled a list of thousands of mutations in the binding domains of various variants of SARS-CoV-2 and other viruses belonging to the sarbecovirus group. Among them, one was identified – S2H97 – capable of attaching to the binding domains of all sarbecoviruses, neutralizing their effect in living cells. Experts have called it “supernatural” because of its versatility.
“This is the coolest antibody we’ve studied,” said study co-author Tyler Starr.
The other 11 antibodies can also be used to fight disease. However, according to scientists, their effectiveness is lower compared to S2H97. In turn, researchers cannot yet claim that the “superantbody” is able to protect the body from new strains, but this discovery will make it possible to advance in the fight against coronavirus mutations.