In 23 years, nearly 10% of participants who consumed on average more foods ranked lower by Nutri-Score died “from non-accidental causes, including cancer and diseases of the circulatory, respiratory and digestive systems”.
Consumption of lower ranked foods using the Nutri-Score is associated with “to increased mortality”, according to a study published Thursday, September 17 in the British Medical Journal by the National Institute for Health and Medical Research (Inserm). The results of this study were obtained by researchers from Inserm, the National Institute for Agronomic Research (Inrae), Cnam and the Sorbonne Paris Nord University, in collaboration with researchers from the International Research Center. on Cancer (WHO / IARC).
The Nutri-Score is a 5-color logo affixed to the front of the packaging of processed products which informs consumers about nutritional quality. Each product is classified on a scale ranging from the most favorable on the nutritional plan (classified A) to the least favorable on the nutritional plan (classified E). This new study aims to find associations between the score of foods consumed and mortality in a very large population spread over 10 European countries. It follows a study published in 2018 in the same population and on the risk of cancer.
A total of 501,594 people participated in this study. During follow-up between 1992 and 2015, 53,112 of them died “from non-accidental causes, including cancer and diseases of the circulatory, respiratory and digestive systems”. The researchers show that participants who on average ate more foods ranked lower by Nutri-Score had increased mortality. “These results were significant after taking into account a large number of socio-demographic and lifestyle factors”, specifies the study.
The Nutri-Score was officially adopted in France in 2017 and since then by various European countries (Belgium, Spain, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Luxembourg). The application of this logo is not compulsory and is based on the will of the food industry. More than 350 companies and brands have committed to implementing Nutri-Score on their products. According to Inserm, “there remains the need, in the near future, for harmonization at European level so that a single logo is mandatory and effective and useful for consumers.”