The heavy-handed regime recovered by Xi Jinping guarantees the internal strength of the regime while increasing criticism from abroad
The Chinese Communist Party is 100 years old. He is an old man with iron health despite the fact that his external image is at historic lows due to the constant violation of freedoms during the term of Xi Jinping. Proof of this is that the majority of the Twenty-seven have rejected Beijing’s invitation to participate in the commemoration events.
Chinese socialism has survived the fall of all its referents because its political-economic system is like bamboo: strong but flexible, with pragmatism as the only religion. Mao Zedong described this dogma in 1942, noting that “Marxism-Leninism has no beauty whatsoever, but it is extremely useful.” The theory was endorsed by Deng Xiaoping in 1978 when he said that it did not matter “whether the cat is black or white, but catches mice” and now Xi updates it by pointing out that “Marxism must change with the times” to cement a “new era »That restores national glory through the consolidation of the country as a world power. Three phrases that illustrate like few others the Chinese political idiosyncrasy. But Xi is more of Mao’s school than Deng’s. Strong hand and “a strong party and a great leader to succeed.” You have no qualms about “swatting flies” if you want to “hunt tigers.”
The Chinese Communist Party has 92 million members from all sectors of society, attracted not so much by ideology but by ambition and the certainty that in the Asian giant no one can succeed outside the establishment or benefit from the impressive growth of the country for forty years. Patronage, nepotism and social hierarchy that, however, have led to China currently being the second world economic power and surpassing the United States in number of billionaires.
However, the transition to managed capitalism has created some anachronisms between the regime’s slogans that focus on collectivism and an increasingly individualistic society. Something that Beijing fights with citizen surveillance systems or the largest information censorship structure in the world.
This “socialism with Chinese characteristics” that Xi Jinping proposed in 2017 increasingly collides with Western values on issues such as military expansion, the persecution of activism, the use of the economy as a geostrategic weapon, the treatment of ethnic minorities or the increased control over territories with a certain degree of autonomy, such as the bloody case of Hong Kong.
None of this seems to bother Xi Jinping, who argues that “time and inertia are on China’s side.” Nor is he in a hurry to leave power. For now, he has ignored the unwritten rule that marks retirement for party leaders at 68 years of age, which he fulfilled on the 15th, and has embraced the elimination of the presidential term limit approved in 2018, which opens the door to him.