The plenary of the Chamber of Deputies this Wednesday (11) rejected the so-called “district” and approved the return of party coalitions in proportional elections (for federal, state and councilors).
The two provisions were contained in a proposal to amend the Constitution (PEC), approved in the first round, which promotes a mini-reform in electoral rules.
+ Urgent: Chamber makes agreement and approves the return of party coalitions
By modifying the Constitution, the proposal needs to be approved in two rounds in the Chamber and in the Senate to enter into force. To be effective in the 2022 elections, the changes need to be enacted by the beginning of October.
In the case of ‘District’, the score was 35 in favor, 423 against, while the return of the coalitions was approved with 333 votes in favor, 149 against.
The implementation of the “district” would imply electing only the most voted candidates – without proportionality of the votes received by the parties – in a model that weakens the parties and favors personalist candidacies.
The formation of coalitions allows the union of parties in a single bloc to dispute proportional elections. The mechanics favor the so-called “for hire parties”, which do not defend a specific ideology and tend to negotiate support on the basis of “take there, give here”.
The coalitions were banned in 2017 and are also considered a step backwards by experts, but it was classified by deputies as a “harm reduction” in the agreement, signed between all parties, which led to the rejection of the “district”.
This Thursday (12), the deputies meet again in plenary to vote on the highlights of the text – excerpts for which there was a request for separate analysis. If there is an agreement, the House can break the regimental deadlines to vote on the second round and send the text to the Senate.
The president of the Senate, Rodrigo Pacheco (DEM-MG), and other senators have already said that the text, when it reaches the Senate, will face resistance.