The Chamber of Deputies approved this Tuesday (3), by 296 votes to 136 against, the basic text of the proposal that expands the size of land in the Union subject to regularization by self-declaration. In practice, the matter provides for the possibility of regularization without prior inspection by the National Institute for Colonization and Agrarian Reform (Incra). At this moment, the deputies analyze the highlights that can still modify the text.
For the proposal, the analysis of documents and the declaration of the occupant that he/she follows the environmental legislation will be enough. The text alters the size of the occupied property from four to six fiscal modules, which can be regularized without the need for inspection. These modules are units in hectare defined by Incra, which range from 5 to 110 hectares, depending on each municipality.
Who can benefit from the measure, who fits these conditions: property registered in the Rural Environmental Registry (CAR); adherence to the Environmental Regularization Program (PRA); or the interested party sign a term of commitment or adjustment of conduct to recover vegetation extracted from a legal reserve or Permanent Preservation Area (APP).
The text provides for the inclusion of Federal and Incra properties throughout the country, instead of just those located in the Legal Amazon, but the reference date for occupation continues to be July 22, 2008, already provided for in the current law.
For the measure’s rapporteur, Deputy Bosco Saraiva (Solidariedade-AM), the main objective of the project is to update the legislation in light of advances in land monitoring. “We bring a solid and fair proposal, which reconciles different interests and which was built from the perspective of different facets of sustainable development”, he declared.
The opposition obstructed the vote to try to postpone the session and deepen the discussion. For parliamentarians, self-declaration can encourage deforestation and land grabbing. According to Deputy Joenia Wapichana (Rede-RR) the measure can directly impact traditional populations.
“There is still a demand regarding the demarcation of indigenous lands. There are indigenous lands that are constantly invaded, areas of environmental protection that are at risk. In the Amazon, we are seeing an increasingly conflicting scenario in rural areas”, he warned.
The text establishes that lands occupied by quilombola or traditional communities that make collective use of the area must be regularized according to specific rules.
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