The new president reaffirms his commitment to a new Magna Carta and announces that he will declare a state of emergency in education
He swore by all and promised heaven and earth. José Pedro Castillo Terrones, 51, the new president of Peru, launched a speech that surely moved half of his country and caused hives and disbelief in the other half. He swore by God, by his family, by the peasants, fishermen, ronderos -peasants who fought against the Shining Path-, teachers, indigenous peoples, professionals, children, youth and women. He did not forget anyone in his speech of more than an hour and whose oath culminated in the dream of a Peru without corruption and which he will endow with a new Constitution. The rural professor, leader of the Peru Libre party, declared Leninist-Marxist, gave an appropriate lesson for the day that this country celebrated its Bicentennial and in which he drew his dreamed Peru and announced all his objectives as president, the fifth to come to the Government in just five years.
Coming to power was not easy for Castillo. He had to wait for the electoral board and the foreign commissions that monitored the good performance of the elections to dismiss all the allegations of fraud presented by his opponent, Keiko Fujimori. Nor will it be a bed of roses to execute everything that it intends to do in the South American country most affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. He does not have a majority in Congress, but Castillo has plenty of desire and promises: “I will not disappoint you,” he firmly assured an audience that included King Felipe VI and five leaders from neighboring countries: Iván Duque (Colombia), Guillermo Lasso (Ecuador), Sebastián Piñera (Chile), Luis Arce (Bolivia) and Alberto Fernández (Argentina). Not so the outgoing president of Peru, Francisco Sagasti, to whom the new president of Congress, María del Carmen Alva, denied entry and forced him to hand over the presidential sash to be the one who put it on Castillo, a decision that he announces the hard days that the new president will have to face.
The new president of Peru, Pedro Castillo, greets Felipe VI during the meeting they held before the investiture. /
“This time a government of the people has come to govern with the people and for the people,” Castillo said at the beginning of his first statement as Peruvian president. We will build from below. It is the first time that this country will be ruled by a peasant. It is the first time that a political party formed in the interior of the country wins the elections democratically, and that a rural teacher is elected to be president of the republic, “he added. He said that the pride and pain of Peru ran through his veins.
The priority, health
Dressed in an embroidered black Andean suit, the classic Chotano hat, white and with a high crown, the president said that his priority is the fight against the pandemic. In this sense, he promised an immediate transfer of 700 soles to the most vulnerable families that have been most affected by the virus. “Physical and mental health in our Government will be a fundamental right.” In this sense, he promised to end the centralism that subjects many citizens to go to the hospital centers of Lima in search of better treatment and medicines.
He announced that he will present a bill to Congress to make the Constituent Assembly viable. He added that it will then be submitted to a referendum. “We will insist on the proposal always within the framework of the law with the legal instruments, there will never be a clean sweep of legality. We will have to reconcile positions with Congress because it will be here where the corresponding norms will have to be approved. He gave a “no” meaning to Peru continuing to be condemned to be a prisoner of this Constitution.
He spoke of the economic reactivation, and reassured many businessmen by saying that he will always respect private property, but that yes, he will end monopolies. “This government will not nationalize the economy.” However, he announced that “any project that does not have social profitability, does not go.” Castillo also put a lot of emphasis on education. He said that he will declare public education in a state of emergency, at the same time that he announced a ministry that recognizes the diverse cultures and languages of the country.
In the last phase of his speech, he announced that he will not govern from Casa Pizarro, that he will donate it to become a museum. And he ended with three sentences in Quechua: «One voice, one heart and one direction. Long live Peru and long live the Homeland.
Felipe VI participates in the investiture with five presidents
Felipe VI represented Spain on Wednesday at the investiture of Pedro Castillo as president of Peru. This is the sixth time that an Ibero-American president has attended the inauguration of this country. Other heads of State and Government were present at the event, such as the Colombian Iván Duque, the Chilean Sebastián Piñera, the Argentine Alberto Fernández, the Bolivian Luis Arce, the Ecuadorian Guillermo Lasso, as well as the vice presidents of Brazil and Uruguay and the envoy of USA, the Secretary of Education, Miguel Cardona.
The day before, the King held a meeting with Castillo in which both discussed the cultural ties of both nations and influenced the “strengthening” of the “ties of friendship.” The Peruvian president also met with Lasso and with former Bolivian president Evo Morales.
Felipe VI went to Lima together with the Secretary of State for Latin America and the Caribbean, Juan Fernández Trigo. During his visit, he met with the outgoing president, Francisco Sagasti, and participated in an event for the bicentennial of Peru’s independence.