All right there ecological transition – necessary, essential, urgent – but the transition from the thermal engine to the electric motor risks losing the Work to 60/70 thousand people in Italy. The warning comes directly from companies in the sector automotive, specifically those gathered in theAnfia (National association of the automotive industry chain).
“The companies that will feel the impact are between 20 and 40% of the 2,200 that produce components”, underlined the association during the table on the car convened yesterday, Thursday 29 July 2021, at the Ministry of Economic Development.
The sector of four wheels lives one of the most difficult moments of recent years, even if the dismissals announced at the Gkn from Campi Bisenzio, in the province of Florence, and to the Gianetti Wheels, In the Bresciano, should be framed more like operations merely speculative than as cuts imposed by the economic situation.
There production from car in Italy in the unfortunate 2020 – the year of Covid – stopped at 717 thousand unit. But the contraction in volumes had already made itself felt the previous year (818 thousand cars in 2019, compared to the million of the 2018) and going back in time the numbers sadly get higher and higher. TO June 2021, Anfia recorded to the voice registrations a + 12.6% compared to the same month of 2020 but a -13.3% in comparison with June 2019.
Now, however, ai problems on the front of the request and gods duties at least three factors have been added: the difficulties of supplying of the semiconductors which blocks the work of many factories, the ecological transition that eats jobs and the unknown about industrial plan for Italy of Stellantis, the giant born from the merger of Fca And Psa, whose chief executive officer, Carlos Tavares, has already made it known that it wants to obtain 5 billion euros from operations of savings on the production process made in Italy.
The workers of Stellantis they have been living together for years with the layoffs (to Mirafiori from 14 years now), but the uncertainties about the future weigh on the entire industry and on the many companies of the components from which – it is estimated – 70% of any one comes from German car.
The unions say that the Dense of Chieti, where starter motors are produced, about 200 redundancies were declared. At the Bosch from Bari, factory from which diesel pumps come out, 600 employees risk the job. At the Vitesco Technologies Italy – two factories in Pisa that deal with research and development and production of petrol injectors – a plan for 750 redundancies without investments was presented. And the more than 600 workers of the company are also shaking for their jobs Marelli of Bari, where injectors for petrol engines and gearboxes are produced. Not to mention the never resolved crisis of the Blutec (ex Fiat) of Termini Imerese.
Fiom-Cgil, Fim-Cisl And Uilm – who also “appreciate” the calling of a first table at Put – urge the Government Dragons to intervene. They ask for “specific tools to govern the transition in order to avoid the drama of closed factories and layoffs savages, like those we have witnessed in recent weeks ”.
In other words, the unions are calling for the introduction of social safety nets that allow the storm to pass and avert the so-called “social bomb”. How? By leveraging, for example, the reduction of working hours and training.
But the Fiom it goes even further, evoking “even with a direct role of Invitalia And Cassa Depositi e Prestiti“. “If there is a theme of recapitalization of companies, I think we must do as in the rest of Europe, where most of the automotive companies have a capital with public participation”, he explains to TPI Michele De Palma, automotive manager of the blue overalls of CGIL.
“We cannot intervene, as in the steel industry, when an industrial crisis has already occurred. We must prevent, intervene before the crisis “, observes the Fiom trade unionist, making a clear reference to the former Ilva, now owned by the State through Invitalia. “The transformation of the automotive sector is an important opportunity for industrial policy for our country”, he underlines De Palma.
While waiting for interventions like these, the unions ask the Government at least to continue with these comparisons, but also to carry on the confrontation side by side with Stellantis (there was a first table last June 23, then nothing more).
Yes, the Government. The ministers Giorgetti (Economic development) e Orlando (Labor) greeted the decision with an executive victory Stellantis to place in Italy – a Termoli, although the unions had indicated Turin – his third gigafactory European. There battery factory it will be a fundamental driving force for development for the Italian automotive industry, but by itself it will not be enough to revitalize a sector that is struggling.
“We believe it is fundamental that compliance with the principle of technological neutrality, that is the green transition of mobility, which is in itself sustainable from an environmental point of view, must also be sustainable from an industrial, infrastructural and social point of view”, declares the Deputy Minister for Economic Development, Gilberto Pichetto, who chaired yesterday’s confrontation table.
A table at which, however, no one from the Ministry of Labor or that of Ecological Transition was seated. A bit bizarre, since we were talking about employment at risk and green revolution. The impression is that an overall design is missing. What was once called industrial policy.