The political stalemate in which the Bulgaria it seems destined to continue after another election concluded without any clear winner, as already happened with the vote in April. Yet something seems to be moving, with the extraordinary result of the anti-establishment movement “There is a certain people” (ITN) of the popular singer, comedian and TV host Slavs Trifonov, which could lead to the formation of a minority government to Sofia.
No party that presented itself at the consultations on Sunday 11 July 2021 managed to win a majority capable of forming a new executive alone, while the real winner of the vote is theabstention. L’ITN of Slavs Trifonov he failed (even if very little) to wrest the primacy from the center-right party GERB, headed by the former prime minister Boyko Borisov, in an election in which at 16:00 yesterday theturnout it had stopped at 27.2 per cent and that overall, according to projections by Gallup, should not exceed 38.4 per cent.
According to the data cited this morning by the Bulgarian public television BNT, with 95.22 per cent of the ballots polled, the party of Boyko Borisov collected the 23.91 percent of the votes, while theITN of Slavs Trifonov conquered the 23.66 per cent. Third parties i socialists of the BSP with the 13.63 per cent, capable of slightly surpassing the center-right pro-European coalition Democratic Bulgaria, stops at 12.55 per cent, and the centrists of Movement for Rights and Freedoms that look after the interests of minorities, especially the Turkish one, arrived at 10.59 per cent. Sixth and last list to enter parliament, the anti-corruption party Stand Up! Mafia, Get Out! (ISMV), which earned the 5.04 percent, exceeding the 4 percent threshold set by the Bulgarian electoral law.
Two elections in three months
The early vote had been called in Bulgaria following the previous elections in April, in which no party had managed to gather enough votes to form a majority in Parliament, effectively ousting Boyko Borisov from the office of prime minister and obliging the president Rumen Radev to entrust the interim government to the general Stefan Yanev.
Three months ago, the center-right party GERB it had obtained a relative majority, winning 26.2 per cent of the vote, but without being able to form any coalition. A situation very similar to that created with the latest consultations, which, however, have seen the consensus of the party of Slavs Trifonov and anti-corruption movements DB is ISMV.
Compared to the consultations of April 4, 2021, theITN the coalition went from 17.7 to nearly 24 percent DB from 9.5 to over 12.5 per cent andISMV from 4.65 to over 5 per cent. It is therefore not surprising that in a post on Facebook, the leader ofITN described the vote as “a good morning for Bulgarian democracy” which would have witnessed “the freest and fairest elections ever”.
This had led many commentators to hypothesize that the key to resolving the current crisis in Sofia could lie precisely in an alliance between these three formations. However, an eventual coalition ofITN of Slavs Trifonov with Democratic Bulgaria is Stand Up! Mafia, Get Out! in any case he would not have surpassed the majority, stopping short under 42 percent. But the latest developments seem to be going in another direction.
A minority government
The comedian seems willing to try: in a video message posted on Facebook, Slavs Trifonov announced plans to form a minority government led by the economist Nikolay Vasilev, former deputy premier and three times minister in two governments in the early 2000s, a profile that fits perfectly with the ideal prime minister described by the television host in an interview granted in June to Le Monde.
The news had already leaked from the columns of the local newspaper 24 Chasa, among the most read in Bulgaria, and confirmed by the public broadcaster BNT 1. The initial idea of forming an executive supported in parliament by theITN, from Democratic Bulgaria and from Stand Up! Mafia, Get Out!, then seeking from time to time the support on the individual measures of the other parties, especially the centrists of Movement for Rights and Freedoms, however, has set.
The comedian has in fact stated that theITN “Will not form a coalition with any party, but will assume the political responsibility of forming a independent government“. “The executive – he said Slavs Trifonov in the video message published on social networks in which he also announced the names of future ministers – it will be composed of experts with a series of priorities “.
The first obstacle, however, arises precisely at the birth of the new government, which should count on the abstention of the other acronyms present in Parliament at the time of the vote of confidence. An objective that can only be achieved with the support of the main parties now fed up with the “reign” of the three-time premier Boyko Borisov, which in this case would see every chance of returning to power in Sofia collapse in a short time.
The fall of Boyko Borisov
The party GERB he led the Bulgarian government for most of the last decade. Experienced politician, former firefighter and bodyguard, Boyko Borisov managed to establish itself as reliable ally of the West and within theEuropean Union, entering the European People’s Party, to which the German Chancellor also belongs Angela Merkel and the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen.
Just the funds sent by theEU in Bulgaria are at the center of the political dispute, constituting the main topic of the corruption scandals that have aroused so much indignation in the country, fueling the birth and success of movements such as the ITN of Slavs Trifonov, Democratic Bulgaria and anti-corruption parties such as Stand Up! Mafia, Get Out!
Self Boyko Borisov managed to weather the political storm fueled by anti-government protests over the past year, the popularity of the GERB instead suffered a severe blow on the eve of yesterday’s vote after the admissions of the current interim government on the crisis inherited from the center-right party, involved in various scandals related to the abuse of state funds and even in the interception of political opposition figures .
Also, last month the United States Department of the Treasury has imposed a series of sanctions against some Bulgarian fixers and dozens of companies related to them for their alleged involvement in various corruption cases. The technical government currently in office since mid-May then accused the executive of Boyko Borisov of having spent billions of levs of taxpayers’ money without transparent procurement procedures.
And that’s exactly what Slavs Trifonov intends to fight. The program ofITN in fact it aims to “free the country from political elites and corrupt politicians”. Initially referred to as a “populist”, the comedian claims instead to be inspired by political models such as Margaret Thatcher, Ronald Reagan ed Emmanuel Macron, calling himself a pro-European.