Impossible to see with the naked eye, subatomic particles they are the smallest indivisible units that make up atoms and practically all matter; Just imagining them can be complicated if you consider that in a millimeter up to 10 million atoms can be aligned, which in aggregations give rise to the composite molecules, which in turn form cells, tissues, organs or materials.
But if they are invisible to the human eye, how can they be studied? The answer is the High Energy Physics or Quantum Physics; However, not only the theory proposes its existence, experiments are needed to verify and verify its behavior. Here they have reason to be the particle detectors, capable of taking images of these tiny units.
Capturing their passage, locating, tracking and identifying the particles, in addition to measuring their energy and converting the information into (electrical) signals are some of the functions of a detector, instruments that UAP researchers have been able to develop from scratch. as part of his participation within the Mexican group of scientists at CERN, in Geneva, Switzerland.
Since 2017, when the UAP built a particle detector entirely from scintillating plastic, The University became the first institution in Mexico to create an instrument of this type with technology developed by university students., who with readily available materials contributed to one of the most complex experiments in the world, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), at CERN.
“We started to build them at BUAP in 2017, in fact we are the only University in Mexico that makes them from scratch. There are other groups that get donations of detectors from other experiments and use them, but here all the components are built to form them, ”said Guillermo Tejeda Muñoz, researcher at the Faculty of Physical-Mathematical Sciences (FCFM) and specialist in instrumentation and construction. detectors.
He is also a member of the group of High Energy Experimental Physics of the FCFM, explained that being one of the most important instruments of the LHC, the particle detector needs other systems to operate optimally, including electronics, that is, the circuits necessary to extract the information signal that indicates what was the what was detected or what particle was seen. This non-commercial technology has very specific characteristics, such as speed or tolerance to radiation, so it must be specifically designed for these detectors.
The group of High Energy Experimental Physics of the FCFM, noted for its consolidation and participation in international projects, is made up of doctors Arturo Fernández Téllez (founder), Guillermo Tejeda Muñoz, Mario Iván Martínez Hernández, Mario Rodríguez Cahuantzi and Irais Bautista Guzmán, as well as undergraduate and graduate students.