Valentin Inzko, the High Representative of the international community, enacted a law banning genocide as his last job in office. Serbian President Milorad Dodic threatens to disband the entire federation.
Twelve Austrian diplomat, the so-called High Representative of the international community in Bosnia for years Valentin Inzko, 72, is not worse in the limelight. On the contrary, he has been considered rather a low-profile man.
The style changed last week, ten days before the end of the mission. Next Sunday, the High Representative will receive the German diplomat and ex-minister appointed in May Christian Schmidt, 63.
Inzko exercised his powers and enacted a law in Bosnia that prohibits genocide. In practice, the law relates to the Srebrenica genocide in July 1995. At that time, eight thousand Bosnian Muslim men and boys were killed by Bosnian Serb forces.
Srebrenican the Serbian commander who led the operation Ratko Mladić, 79, lost in June, appealed to the Court of Appeal in The Hague, which upheld his life sentence for genocide. However, this did not prevent the dissemination and praise of his images in the Republika Srpska.
Read more: UN tribunal: ‘Bosnian butcher’ Ratko Mladić sentenced to life sentence
“I had to do something, and I followed the voice of my conscience,” Inzko commented, according to the broadcaster BBC. “Worshiping war criminals does not promise a good future for the country.”
Bosnian Serb leader and current Serbian member of the three-member federal presidential council Milorad Dodik reacted immediately to Inzko’s new law by reiterating several times that the Srebrenica genocide “did not happen”.
“Serbs really shouldn’t accept this decision,” Dodik said Radio Free Europe by. “This is a nail in the coffin of Bosnia and Herzegovina. After that, Bosnia cannot act. “
A representative of the opposition in the Republika Srpska later confirmed that the Serbs would resign from all federal duties until the genocide law was repealed.
Bosnia and Herzegovina the federation was born after the Bosnian war in the Dayton Peace Agreement. According to it, the state consists of the Republika Srpska and a federation of Muslims and Croats. The withdrawal of Serbs from decision-making means paralysis of decision-making in the whole state.
The post of “High Representative” was created in the context of the Dayton Peace Agreement and was first held by a Swedish politician Carl Bildt. The representative’s employer is the 55-State Peace Commission, but the real decision-making power is exercised by a presidency with representation from 11 countries.
The mandate of the Representative was drastically increased at the Bonn meeting in 1997, as reflected in the Carlos Westendorpin, Austria Wolfgang Petritschin and Britain Paddy Ashdown in extracts where locals were disciplined without further complication.
Still life changed as Western countries began to defer more responsibility to Bosnian Bosnians, Croats, and Serbs. At the same time, the resources allocated to the High Representative were reduced – although the monthly salary of EUR 24 000 was maintained.
“Around 2009, the international community decided that the presence of the Office of the High Representative should be reduced and there should be‘ less Dayton and more Brussels ’,” Inzko commented on the news agency. AP: n in an interview on Tuesday.
“More Brussels” means that attracting EU membership would bring local politicians to meaningful cooperation. The High Representative clearly did not like the policy.
“When these talk about European values, it’s completely empty talk,” Inzko said. “Let’s take legality now, though. No one takes it seriously. Most politicians do not want legitimacy. ”
According to Inzko, the EU should give impetus to Bosnia in a completely new way, because the endless waiting in the Union’s membership queue will lead to nothing, or at least nothing good.
“Half a million people have left Bosnia in the last 15 years, and many of them are the sharpest people. We cannot allow this country to be emptied with only politicians and pensioners left, we cannot afford that. ”
Oman Russia has also thrown its spoon into the soup, trying more than a week ago to vote for the UN Security Council to abolish the entire post of High Representative, according to the AFP news agency. China supported the proposal, but the United States announced that a new representative, Schmidt, had been elected, and the matter did not even belong to the Security Council.
Russia did not even imagine that its initiative would lead to anything, but it made it clear to the Bosnian Serbs that Moscow was their business.
And that’s not all: a Sarajevo journalist Harun Karčićin research institute Rusin According to an analysis published on the website, Russia has vigorously warmed up both the EU and NATO countries to Croatia and the Bosnian Croats.
The decision by the Germans to send Schmidt as the new High Representative seems to be the answer to this. Schmidt is a great friend of Croatia and Zagreb has awarded him a high medal for advancing Croatian affairs.