With the exit troops in both Afghanistan and Iraq after decades of war, Iran is the center of all eyes after the departure of Donald Trump. Joe Biden is willing to return to the nuclear pact if the Islamic Republic backtracks in its decision to enrich uranium above 3.67 percent and returns to respect the points agreed in 2015. The Islamic Republic opens the door to return to the text original if the United States lifts the sanctions imposed by Donald Trump. Tehran and Washington show their interest in reviving the pact, but someone will have to take the first step and Antony Blinken, the new secretary of state, announced that “we wait a long way” until the Iranians return to the points signed five years ago.
Nuclear deal. On this “long road”, the White House spokeswoman, Jen Psaki, assured that the return to the agreement “will be part of the talks” that Biden will hold with his international allies. Psaki recalled that the new president “is committed to diplomacy” and that he will seek “to extend and strengthen Iran’s nuclear limitations and address other concerns” generated by the Islamic republic, such as its ballistic program or its interference in other Middle Eastern countries.
The extension of the agreement is one of the demands of United States allies such as Israel, but Tehran refuses and refers to the points agreed upon after the long negotiating process that they had with 5 + 1, a group formed by the United States, Russia, China. , United Kingdom, France and Germany.
If the priority and the main threat is the possibility of the Iranians acquiring the atomic bomb, the 2015 agreement is the basis on which to gain confidence to later reach new deals with the Iranians. This was the strategy that Obama intended to carry out and that Trump dynamited with his unilateral withdrawal and the return to the sanctions that suffocate the Iranians.
Israel. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu fired Trump, calling him “Israel’s best friend,” and welcomed Biden with a clear request: “Let’s work together and face common challenges, the most important of all Iran.” Faced with plans to recover the nuclear agreement, a senior official in the Israeli administration told Channel12 that “if Biden returns to the pact signed by Obama, we have nothing to talk to him about.”
Given the uncertainty generated by Trump’s departure, media such as The Jerusalem Post devoted extensive coverage to key positions of Jewish politicians in Biden’s new team. From Secretary of State Antony Blinken and his number two, Wendy Sherman, to David Cohen, CIA number two, Merrick Garland, attorney general, Avril Haines, National Intelligence Director, Ronald Klain, chief of staff, Eric Lander, Deputy Secretary of Health, Alejandro Mayorkas, Secretary of National Security and Janet Yellen, Secretary of the Treasury. There were also references to Biden’s children, whose partners are Jewish, which makes him the grandfather of Jewish grandchildren, and Kamala Harris’s husband, Doug Emhoff.
Blinken has insisted that Israel’s security is an unquestionable priority and has advanced that they will not return the Embassy to Tel Aviv and that they maintain the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of the Jewish State. The possibility of reopening the consulate for Palestinian affairs in the eastern part of the holy city is up in the air. The only variation with respect to the Republicans will be that the two-state solution will be on the table again, as it has been for decades without achieving any progress.
Abraham Agreements. After the failure of his initiative to achieve peace between Israel and Palestine, the last months of Trump’s mandate in foreign policy have been marked by his absolute diplomatic support for the Jewish State to achieve the normalization of relations with the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain, Morocco and Sudan. These agreements have been named after Abraham and, on paper, they are presented as Trump’s most important legacy in the region. Above diplomacy, they have been a kind of economic and military pacts whereby the United States has offered significant benefits to the signatories in exchange for breaking with the Arab strategy of normalizing relations until a Palestinian state is formed.
The Reuters agency revealed that the agreement between the UAE and Washington for the purchase of 50 F35 fighters and 18 next-generation drones was signed just an hour before the end of Trump’s term. The new president announced that he plans to review this sale which, if carried out, could lead to the delivery of the devices in 2027.
War in yemen. Trump said goodbye by including the Houthis on the list of terrorist groups. This was a gesture of support for Saudi Arabia, which since 2015 has been fighting the Yemeni rebels whom it accuses of being supported by Iran. Blinken is in favor of stopping military support for Riyadh – one of the world’s largest arms importers – and reviewing the decision on the Houthis, as requested by humanitarian aid organizations and the UN. The new US president recalled during the campaign the numerous denunciations of the Saudis for war crimes by humanitarian organizations and threatened to turn his great ally into a “pariah” if human rights violations within and outside their borders did not stop.
In addition to the change in Yemen, the new administration also appears determined to declassify information about the murder and dismemberment of journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. This decision means that the United States could officially blame the brutal crime on Mohamed Bin Salman (MBS), crown prince and strongman of the kingdom.