Each country is free to decide what the rules are for visitors to enter its territory. Now, with more and more borders opening up to Brazilians, everyone is paying attention to doses against Covid-19, but many countries go further and may require proof of vaccination against other diseases, such as yellow fever or Measles. If you do not already have an International Certificate of Vaccination and Prophylaxis (CIVP), then you may need to arrange one before boarding.
Unlike what many people imagine, the idea is not to protect visitors from possible diseases in the region, but to prevent outsiders from bringing diseases from abroad. It is for this reason that a country can reserve the right to demand proof of vaccination from a Brazilian and dispense one from a North American, for example.
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The first thing you should do is access the CIVNET website, a system maintained by the National Health Surveillance Agency. On the page, click on “Travel Requirements” and locate the destination country in the list.
For example, if you choose “Albania” you will see that the country requires Brazilians to have a certificate that proves that the traveler has been vaccinated against Yellow Fever. Already “Germany” does not require any certificate, but recommends that the traveler take the vaccine against Measles. Therefore, check your destination details before travelling.
Important: remember to do this in advance and with a certain frequency. Requirements can change from time to time and some vaccines require a minimum time between application and entry into the country before they can be considered valid.
You can get the CIVP online or in person. For face-to-face requests, the procedure is as follows:
- Get vaccinated and keep your proof of vaccination.
- Then go to a Anvisa’s Traveler Orientation Center. You can streamline your service by pre-registering at Anvisa website. In general, Centers are located at international airports.
- Finally, take your proof of vaccination along with an identity document to a Anvisa’s Traveler Orientation Center. The documentation will be checked and if everything is correct your certificate will be issued. Keep it with your passport and present it at the airline counter when boarding and at customs in the country of destination when requested.
For online requests, remember that the issuance of the CIVP can take up to five business days. Therefore, if you are urgent for the document, opt for the face-to-face method in which the certificate is issued on the spot. Here’s the step-by-step procedure for online application:
- Get vaccinated and keep your proof of vaccination.
- Register with Service Portal, using your social security number and a valid email address.
- Then, fill out a form on the website and send a photo of your ID and proof of vaccination.
- Hold. Your documents will be analyzed by Anvisa within five business days. After this period, if everything is correct, you will receive a CIVP by email.
- Important: CIVP online is not valid. It is necessary to print the document and sign in the indicated place so that it can be accepted in other countries.
What are mandatory vaccinations?
As we have already mentioned, each country is free to make its own demands. However, on a world scale, we can consider that the most important vaccine is the Yellow Fever. It is a serious infectious disease that is transmitted by the mosquito. Aedes aegypti, the same transmitter of dengue.
This requirement is more common in countries in South America, Central America and Africa, but is not limited to these regions. It is important to pay attention to the immunization period. The Yellow Fever vaccine needs at least ten days to take effect, so you should get it at least ten days before your trip. A country may refuse entry if the minimum deadline is not respected.
In Brazil, travelers heading to forested areas in the North and Northeast regions are advised to take this vaccine, although there is no requirement. The recommendation also applies to rural areas in the following states: Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais.
Other vaccines whose requirement is usually requested more frequently are the following: Tetanus, Diphtheria, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Triple Viral and Anti-rabies. If you travel to many places or don’t want to have last minute surprises with it, the recommendation is to arrange all of them in advance and keep your vaccination card always up to date.
And, of course: don’t forget to always consult the CIVNET website to verify that the requirements have not changed. If you have any questions about the vaccines themselves, such as possible contraindications, see a doctor for clarification.
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