If we carry out a search in the PubMed database, one of the most important search engines for scientific works in the area of health at an international level, we find that in the last five years about 4000 scientific articles have been published on topics related to health. artificial intelligence and preventive diagnosis in medicine, of which 1,434 have been published between 2000 and the first five months of this year.
The interest in the use of tools associated with artificial intelligence and virtual reality in research related to the health field is due to the multitude of possibilities that these tools offer to specialists.
How does artificial intelligence work in medicine? Part of the processing, analysis and visualization of large databases and even images, which is known as Big Data, from which algorithms are designed that can find patterns in the analyzed data. In turn, these patterns make it possible to develop, for example, disease prevention and assessment systems adapted to the specific needs of each patient, but also allow evolutionary monitoring after surgery or early diagnosis of degenerative diseases, among other things.
This opens up a range of possibilities for the design of smart devices, mostly portable and that allow healthcare professionals to carry out minimally invasive diagnostic tests, which take into account the specific variables of each patient based on their own data. digitized. Once the results have been obtained, the specialist will be able to issue the definitive diagnosis, propose a treatment or give a personalized follow-up.
Tumor detection, cardiovascular disease, reproductive medicine, sports medicine and, of course, covid-19, are some of the fields that are looking to incorporate artificial intelligence and virtual reality in their research for the creation of models predictive and fast and reliable diagnostic techniques.
Companies such as PathAI, which develops technology to help pathologists make quick and accurate diagnoses, particularly in cases of cancer, or ENLITIC, which focuses on developing solutions for radiologists through artificial intelligence, have opted for the use of this technology in their prototypes and devices. The AI sector, one of the fastest growing industries, is estimated to reach $ 150 billion by 2026.
Hence, international programs aimed at promoting research and development include more and more calls focused on the creation of applications or devices focused on the prevention or treatment of diseases through the use of artificial intelligence from the analysis of different data. .
Claudia L. Balseca Alpízar
Member of the Global MX Network, Spain chapter