The Byzantine-era wine press is the largest found of its era: the size of a full-size football field.
Sweet white wine was known as Gaza or Askelon wine. It was chartered to ships in those ports for export.
The wine was of high quality, as is known to the Byzantine emperor Justin II (520–578) ordered it for their own weddings and coronations.
Archaeologists investigating a winery found in Yavne, Israel, about 30 kilometers north of Tel Aviv. The discovery is the excavations of the leader Jon Seligman significant because of its scale.
“Numerous, even hundreds, wineries have been found in the excavations, so what’s significant here? Size. And the fact that the entire production chain is grouped here, ”Seligman told Reuters in an interview.
The mill was able to produce two million liters of wine a year, according to archaeologists. Among other things, the wine was stored in pots that could hold 25 liters.
Press the stone structures are so well preserved that the uses of the different areas are well inferred.
In some of the pools, the grapes have been allowed to decompose under their own weight, thus collecting the highest quality grape juice possible. There are also ponds in the area, into which the juice obtained from the grapes has been extracted.
Grape seeds found in the area are sent for examination. The purpose is to determine the DNA of the grapes, in order to determine whether the wine may have been made from still known grape qualities or whether those grapes are no longer available.
The area of the winery is planned to be opened to the public.