One of the biggest dangers this summer in our country is the proliferation of ticks. The National Association of Environmental Health Companies (ANECPLA) warn that “The number of people who go to health care centers with tick bites has skyrocketed”. Therefore, the organization asks for extrtake precautions to avoid bites of these parasites in both people and animals, since they can transmit some very serious illnesses. Too They demand that the Public Administrations carry out “the control and prevention treatments timely ”.
Among the worst diseases from these insects are the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, the disease of Lyme wave viral encephalitis. “It is difficult that a tick can transmit a disease to us, but once it transmits a disease such as the Crimean-Congo, the mortality rate is very high, 30%”, Explains to 20 minutes the president of ANECPLA, Milagros Fernández de Lezeta. This pathology “is endemic to africa”And had not moved to Spain until 2013, when the first case occurred, he adds in a statement. Since then, “they have been counted nine people affected“, of which three died “As a result of a tick bite.”
These arthropods generally inhabit the tall grasses of the field, in the presence of abundant vegetation and animals. This way, when it happens a warm-blooded animal will drop to feed on it. Furthermore, his victims hardly notice his presence, since give off an anesthetic before sticking together and sucking the blood.
However, the president of ANECPLA emphasizes that these parasites have modified their behavior due to climate change: “Cases have been found in which the tick does not drop, but instead they chase the predator, generating a strange movement, why he moves in search of his victim”. It also ensures that “there are areas that were not previously colonized, like the coldest, but with climate change these places have tempered and ticks are appearing ”.
How to prevent bites?
The first thing to do to avoid being bitten by ticks, according to Fernández de Lezeta, is “Avoid going through the areas of more vegetation when we walk on the trails”. In addition, ANECPLA advises in its statement to use repellents of insects and “suitable protective clothing, which leaves as little area of skin as possible visible”. In this sense, it is best to use long sleeves and pants Y closed footwear. In addition, if the clothing is light it will be easier to detect intruders in it.
Once we get home, we must inspect clothes, shoes, the hair and the skin, especially the armpits, the English, behind the knees, the ears, the belly button and around the waist. Of course, it is also a must examine our pets when we return from walking them, looking especially “in the ear and armpits. In all those areas that are hotter, because that is where the ticks are going to be ”.
What to do if it has already bitten me?
If, despite having taken all possible precautions, we find a tick on our body or that of our pets, we must remove it as soon as possible. The best way to do this is to use a pair of fine point tweezers to try to get it out without its legs staying inside. “It is grabbed by the tick’s head and pulled up, to avoid that the oral apparatus remains ”the president of ANECPLA. In case of we can’t do it themselves, if any remain attached part or we present malaise, fatigue, or fever the following days, we will have to go to the doctor.
If we can get it out without problems, we will have to wash hands and wound well with soap and water. In addition, the organization recommends save the tick in case it is necessary to carry out any post analysis.