Last December, while the purchase of vaccines was being negotiated in parallel Sputnik V to Russia, the Vladimir Putin regime hastened the approval in the chamber of deputies and that of senators of his country of the so-called “Protocol between the Government of the Argentine Republic and the Government of the Russian Federation on Cooperation in the Field of Exploration and Utilization in the Field of Exploration and the Use of Outer Space for Peaceful Purposes”. Argentina published the confirmation of the implementation of this “Protocol” in the Official Gazette of December 4, in an item called “International Treaties and Agreements”.
In a subtitle to that publication, it is specified that this “Treaty” did not need “legislative approval for its entry into force“It was legally regulated.
The Government of our country did not spread the news or advertise about. But the Russian one does. According to Russian state media, as world.sputniknews.com, a news agency controlled by the Moscow government called Rossiya Segodnya, explained that after the approval of the Treaty “it envisages that the protocol will serve to implement the joint projects already planned for deploy ground stations of the GLonass global positioning system in Argentina (the technology used by Russian GPS), and an optical-electronic warning facility on dangerous situations in circumterrestrial spaceThe text, one among several, adds that it is also included in the plan to “provide launch services and collaborate in the creation of space teams.”
The official version of the Russian state media indicates then that the Putin government opened a diplomatic door that will allow you to access Argentine territory, always in collaboration with the National State, to install at least a data collection base via satellite of the Glonass system, nothing more and nothing less than the technology that Russia uses to know the exact location of each cell phone, car, or boat or vehicles that use the same GPS scheme. With controversy over discussions regarding national sovereignty and the true use of these similar information captures, Russia has already installed a Glonass base as for the one projected for our country in other Latin American nations, such as Guatemala. Brazil. And Cuba.
Putin’s fondness for controlling information is well known in the global public opinion that reports on the Moscow boss. The Russian leader was nothing more and nothing less than a prominent KGB agent, the spy agency of the former Soviet Union.
He was also Director of the Federal Service of Russia, the spy service, counterintelligence that watches over the National Security of his country with investigations in the internal sphere and possible external threats.
Russia denies through official publications that the GPS data collection bases of the system created in Moscow, Glonass, can be used for intelligence tasks. The Russian State also complains about the negative stigmatization that the installation of the Glonass system in Guatemala received, for example.
Official sources consulted by Clarion confirmed that after the promulgation of the “Cooperation Protocol” with Russia, the interest of this country is to improve the Glonass system with a satellite observatory in Argentina.
But they ruled out that it is a base of espionage and, above all, that its approval in the Moscow parliament last December was linked to the negotiations that were generated during those months to export millions of doses of the Sputnik V vaccine to Buenos Aires. “Saying that is malicious”, was one of the phrases that allowed the Government to transcend.
The sources added that, strictly speaking, the “Protocol between the Government of the Argentine Republic and the Government of the Russian Federation on Cooperation in the Field of Exploration and Use in the Field of Exploration and Use of Outer Space with Peaceful Fines “was signed in October 2019, when the President of the Nation was Mauricio Macri.
The annexes that detail the multiple items and consensual articles that make up this protocol, of 50 pages in total, were signed on October 8, 2019, in good part, by the then deputy general director of the Russian space corporation Roscosmos, Mikhail Jailov, and the executive and technical director of the National Commission for Space Activities of Argentina (CONAE), Raúl Kulichevsky.
In the documents released in the Official Gazette on January 4, 2021, after the end of the year holidays, the English version of the “Protocol” can be verified, the only version that is valid if Russia and Argentina had to litigate in court. from abroad due to differences in the implementation of this “Treaty”.
The “Protocol”, in its first paragraphs, affirms that this new agreement is based on others already signed between Argentina and Russia. First mention is made of the “Agreement between the Government of the Argentine Republic and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on cooperation in the field of research and use of outer space for peaceful purposes”, dated October 25, 1990.
And then he also ties this new treatise to another dated even further back in history. This is the “Treaty on the principles that should govern the activities of States in the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies”, dated January 27, 1967. And also added “other multilateral international treaties governing the use of outer space in which the Argentine Republic and the Russian Federation participate “.
In paragraph 4 of article 2, it is regulated that “The Contracting parties and / or competent bodies, in accordance with the legislation of their States, may involve, respectively, other ministries, institutions and / or organizations of the States of the parties. contracting parties to carry out activities in accordance with the Agreement on Cooperation and this Protocol. “
Article 3 is entitled “Additional Agreements” and adds the breadth of agreements that could be added to that of space exploration.
In addition, there are agreements regarding the “confidentiality” with which the “material” exchanged between countries must be handled, and the facilities with which technology and other scientific elements may pass between the customs of Russia and Argentina.
Upon learning of part of this “Protocol” with Russia, deputies of the Civic Coalition, from Elisa Carrió, among which is the deputy Mariana zuvic, announced that they will present in the National Congress a request for information to the Ministry of Foreign Relations, Felipe Solá, For the Chancellor to explain in the lower house among other things, what is the “general foreign policy of the Argentine Republic with respect to the Russian Federation: state of diplomatic, political and commercial relations, most relevant bilateral cooperation matters and ongoing projects or programs, planned in this regard … “(The list continues).
The legislators of the Civic Coalition also want to hear from Foreign Minister Solá what are the “international agreements between the two states on the provision of Sputnik V vaccine or different ones, treatments and medicines against the new coronavirus by the Gamaleya National Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology of the Russian Federation or another similar institute. “
Among the “fundamentals”, in addition to linking the treaties with Russia with the purchase of the Sputnik V vaccine, the legislators of the civic coalition emphasize the need to know the details about the installation of the satellite data observer of the Glonass system.
Why would Argentina benefit from giving up national territory to a Russian base?
In one of the articles published by the Russian press, a Colombian academic and another Argentine are cited, with studies carried out in Putin’s country, which assure that implementing the Glonass GPS system could be positive for Argentina, among others issues, because faced with a hypothesis of conflict with the developed countries of the West, our country could agree to use the GPS technology devised in Moscow. The scientist quoted in the Russian media adds that Argentina and Russia today share the same “ideology.”