However, the reaction from the United States, the largest contributor to NATO, was disappointing, while Russia warned that this was precipitating a third world war, while it strongly supported the Baltic states.
And the newspaper “Politico” considered that “Ukraine’s announcement of its desire to obtain rapid membership in NATO is a surprise to the Joe Biden administration, stressing that Washington still stands a contradictory position on Ukraine’s membership in NATO, including due to the necessity of the participation of the American military in protecting any A member of the Alliance is under attack.”
Ukraine and NATO.. Unanswered demands
• At the 2008 NATO Summit held in Bucharest, NATO Heads of State and Government welcomed Ukraine’s aspirations to become a member of the Alliance, but without specifying when and how
• At that time it was agreed that considering the request of Ukraine and Georgia to join NATO, both of which were part of the former Soviet Union, should be done by presenting the membership action plan to the two countries, but this plan was not presented to the two countries.
• Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovych (February 2010 to February 2014), who is close to Russia, asserted at the time that there was no “need” for the country to join NATO.
• June 2010, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine passed a bill preventing the country from joining NATO
• After Yanukovych was ousted and Russian President Vladimir Putin annexed Crimea, Kyiv said that the country’s view of NATO membership had changed and that it would carry out “constitutional and judicial reforms” for the purpose of accession.
• The Verkhovna Rada adopted legislation in 2017, approving the request to NATO to start accession procedures “immediately”.
• July 2017, Kyiv announced that “NATO” before starting consultations, in a move that increased Moscow’s concern
• Ukraine approved constitutional amendments, in February 2019, confirming adherence to “the policy of joining the European Union and NATO.”
• December 2020, Ukraine announced that it hopes to join in 2021 the Action Plan in preparation for entering the North Atlantic Treaty
• April 2021, Zelensky called for accelerating the mechanism of his country’s accession to NATO and the European Union in light of Russian threats
• March 2022.. Zelensky: “Kyiv is no longer interested in joining NATO, which is afraid of confrontation with Russia” after refusing to impose a no-fly zone.
How did the West respond to Zelensky’s demand?
• US National Security Adviser, Jake Sullivan: “The NATO accession process must take place at a different time.”
• German Defense Minister: Berlin cannot decide that alone
The three Baltic states, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania: We support opening a fast track for Ukraine’s accession to the Alliance
Russia warns of world war
• Deputy Chairman of the Russian Security Council Dmitry Medvedev: Ukraine’s quest for urgent accession to “NATO” is a Ukrainian request to “accelerate the start of World War III.”
Will Ukraine join?
Political analyst, Andrew Boyfield told “Sky News Arabia” that Ukraine’s accession to NATO is a declaration of a third world war, and no one will accept that.
Boyfield added that Putin’s recent speech carried indirect messages to the West, including the possibility of negotiating and sitting at the table with Zelensky, which would push the West, especially the Europeans, to push Kyiv to sit down and end the war in light of major repercussions and harsh economic conditions.
He explained that the alliance will not include a country with all these problems, the open door policy is available to countries that bring important military assets to the alliance, as is the case with Finland and Sweden, it is not a one-way road where joining NATO only supports the strategic position of the two countries. Finland will also strengthen NATO’s strategic eastern border with Russia.
Looking at the political side, according to Boyfield, members need to implement reforms within the membership plan and on the military side, the reforms are supposed to be aimed at strengthening the security of the alliance, not undermining it, although the performance of the Ukrainian military has improved since 2014, Ukraine needs to implement Legal and economic reforms and anti-corruption prior to joining NATO.
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