The situation in Afghanistan quickly turns towards tragedy. At the Kabul airport, mothers throw children over the wall and ask soldiers for help to save them while the Taliban in Kabul fire on the crowd on the day of Independence Day in the streets. Meanwhile, the exodus of Afghans continues to escape from the Taliban: 500, with the last flights landed in Ciampino, have already arrived in Italy during the night. Ministerial sources speak of 2500 people in total, but the wave of refugees now scares Europe.
The last plane landed in Italy
AND the last aircraft of the Italian Air Force carrying 194 evacuated Afghan passengers on board, coming from Kuwait after the transfer from Kabul, landed at Fiumicino airport around 00:50 today. This is the fourth flight to arrive in Italy as part of the airlift set up by the Defense. As happened for the arrival of all the other Afghan refugees who arrived in recent days, after the disembarkation the anti-Covid-19 health prophylaxis procedure will begin, which will take place inside Terminal 5: a decentralized area compared to the others terminals, always under close surveillance by the police.
The United States evacuated some 3,000 people from Kabul airport in Afghanistan on Thursdaya White House official said. “The United States evacuated about 3,000 people from Hamid Karzai International Airport on 16 C-17 flights,” the official said in a media report on Friday, adding that nearly 350 were US citizens. “Additional displaced people include family members of US citizens, special immigrant visa applicants and their families and vulnerable Afghans,” the official said, totaling some 9,000 evacuated by the military since Aug. 14.
The G7 and safety
And now, the watchword is “to guarantee the safety of those who want to leave Kabul”. The appeal is launched by the foreign G7 that addresses the Taliban while the photos of desperate mothers who pass their children over the barbed wire to foreign soldiers in order to save them go around the world. Foreign ministers call for respect for human rights, including those of “women, children and minorities”. An appeal that comes while Prime Minister Mario Draghi from Rome is working on an extraordinary G20 in September to address the refugee emergency and also work to fight terrorism with a format which includes states such as China, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Turkey. “It is essential to maintain close coordination between allies in order to set up a shared strategy towards the new situation in Kabul”, also recalled Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio at the G7, recalling that the goal of the ad hoc G20 is to “promote a in-depth discussion among members on Afghanistan “which” will provide an opportunity to broaden support for a common approach. The G20 format will allow us to coordinate our position with other important partners: Russia, China, Turkey ».
Prime Minister Draghi has already initiated contacts with the leaders. After the first exchanges with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Draghi heard from Emmanuel Macron and Vladimir Putin. The need and urgency to respond to the “various implications of the Afghan crisis, including the management of the migration phenomenon and the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the country”, but also “to counteract the terrorism and illicit trafficking ».
Themes that next week – on August 26 and 27 – Draghi and Di Maio will discuss directly with the Russian Foreign Minister, Serghei Lavrov, who is visiting Italy. “The future for Italy is made up of the defense of fundamental rights, the defense of women’s rights, the protection of all those who have been exposed in recent years in the defense of these rights in Afghanistan”, said the premier only a few days. ago in an interview with Tg1 with the firm conviction that “this must be pursued in all possible contexts”. And in the widest possible format. «In this great work of world collaboration – the premier had in fact explained – states such as China, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey will enter. And all these states are members of the G20. So the G20 naturally offers a place where you can start this collaborative work ». In the light of a “Turkish solution” to the refugee emergency, there is meanwhile an initiative by the leader of the League, Matteo Salvini who today phoned the Pakistani ambassador Jauhar Saleem, announcing that he will ask Draghi to officially invite the diplomat to the G20. Still from the political front, on the M5s side, Giuseppe Conte is subjected to fierce criticism for his “opening” yesterday to dialogue with the new Islamist Emirate. «It is important to act in a coordinated manner towards the Taliban. We must judge them by their actions, not by their words ”, Di Maio seems to correct, who asks to“ maintain a firm position on respect for human rights and freedoms, and transmit clear messages all together ”. But Conte – with Grillo in the background speaking of “dishonorable escape” and “indelible stain” – defends his line of “close dialogue” even with the firm request for “respect for human rights” and sternly replies to his detractors: in the face of the humanitarian disaster that is underway in Afghanistan, where the most elementary fundamental rights are in danger, it is shameful that in Italy there are those who play at exploiting facts and statements for sinister purposes of political controversy ». Moreover, he writes on Fb, given that “the controversy comes from the exponents of that same political force that praised the” Arab Renaissance “and that fideistically maintained that the path that was taking place in Afghanistan was decisive and error-free”.
The UN: “Situation that remains fragile and risky”
Meanwhile, the UN also takes a stand through Filippo Grandi, the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): “My message to Chancellor Merkel and the other leaders I am speaking with these days is: help Afghanistan and also us who are on the ground, giving us the means to continue helping those who stay in the country”. Because, explains Grandi, “there is great fluidity in the situation, which remains fragile and risky”.
Relative of a German journalist killed
“Journalists and their families are in grave danger in Afghanistan. The Taliban have no qualms about carrying out targeted killings, as demonstrated by the case of a journalist from Deutsche Welle (DW) ». The German public broadcaster reports it on its website explaining that Taliban fighters hunting for a DW journalist “killed a member of his family and seriously injured another. The Taliban were conducting a house-to-house search to try to find the journalist, who now works in Germany. Other relatives managed to escape at the last moment and are now on the run ». Deutsche Welle CEO Peter Limbourg called on the German government to act. “Yesterday’s killing of a close relative of one of our editors by the Taliban is inconceivably tragic, and testifies to the grave danger in which all our employees and their families find themselves in Afghanistan,” Limbourg said. It is clear that the Taliban are already carrying out organized research activities for journalists, both in Kabul and in the province. Time is running out! ». The broadcaster adds that the Taliban broke into the homes of at least three DW reporters.
The new government in Kabul will protect women’s rights to education and work and “the honor of Afghans is safe”, including those who have worked for “foreigners” in the past. Taliban spokesperson Suhail Shaheen said this in an interview with CGTN Europe, the European English-language channel of Chinese state TV CCTV. International reports on violence against women “are not correct. There is no submission, women are allowed to continue their work if they are journalists, practically now they are continuing their work. If they are teachers, they go to school. ‘ When asked about the desperation of thousands reserved at Kabul airport, the spokesperson noted that many had been misled by rumors suggesting they would be able to settle in the UK or the US if they boarded a flight.