Twenty years after the Western occupation and one day after its victory, the Taliban are showing the world a more benevolent and less brutal image than when they hosted Osama Bin Laden on their territory. He even gave a press conference, where he assured the world that “Afghanistan It will not be used against any country and it has no enemies ”.
After the violent fighting in Kandahar, the persecution and execution of surrendered pro-government soldiers, the abduction of sex slaves in the advance towards Kabul and a triumph by desertion and evaporation of the Afghan army, Pashtun Islamic fundamentalists are fighting another more difficult fight. : the battle of public relations.
They seek to appear what they are not and show that time has moderated them and not be isolated from the world, when they must rebuild the country.
Taliban stand guard in the green zone where the embassies are located in Kabul. Photo: EFE
The Taliban have declared an “amnesty” throughout Afghanistan for the government forces that fought them, for those who aided the Western occupation forces or those who worked with the Westerners.
“His properties are going to be cared for and his honor and your life is insured”. Taliban spokesman Suhail Shaheen said Tuesday morning.
Are those afghans those who flee in fear of their revenge. At least 1500 Afghans who worked with the British have not been able to be rescued. In Helmand, where Britain’s Camp Bastion base was located, the Taliban arrive and occupy the homes of those who worked with the Westerners and have fled. They have also retaliated against members of their family, such as parents or siblings.
Taliban commanders may have their official version but the danger is the Pashtun militiamen, the fighters of Kandahar, Jalalabad, Herat, who come from super conservative and traditional societies, with other ideas. The Taliban are not uniform: at least it is divided into four groups.
Some Afghans have already arrived in Britain. A plane with French and Afghans landed on Tuesday afternoon at Charles de Gaulle airport. But Germany has denounced that the Taliban they do not let some Afghans out of the country.
Passengers recently arrived from Kabul, to Charles Gaulle airport. Photo: AP
Women “can study”
In another gesture on which the world had its eyes: urged women to join the government and continue his university studies, after a day of chaos in which citizens arrived at the airport in droves in an attempt to flee from their government.
Shaheen, the Taliban spokesperson, told Sky News that “women will have the right to work and be educated up to university level”.
“They they must wear the hijab, which covers the head, but not the burqa, ”which covers the whole body and has a“ trillage ”in the eyes.
“These are not our rules. Are are the islamic rules. It is for your safety to use them, ”he explained. There are “thousands” of schools that will continue to operate, according to the Taliban spokesman.
The Taliban press conference
An unusual act for the Taliban: a press conference. Chief spokesman Zabihullah Mujajid announced that “women can work, go to school and work in schools and hospitals,” according to the principles of Islam.
“We don’t want fighting in Afghanistan. We do not want to see the consequences of combat in our nation. Our priority now is to maintain law and order. Security and peace is our priority ”, he announced.
The main spokesman Zabihullah Mujajid, during the press conference. Photo: AFP
He also called on diplomats in Kabul to feel safe: none will be threatened, in a call for western embassies to return after his flight from Kabul.
“I can assure the world, including the United States, that Afghanistan will not be used against any country in the world. The Taliban has no internal or external enemy and the country has been emancipated, ”announced the main Taliban spokesperson.
In kabul women they are locked up and in fear. Their great fear is rape or that a Taliban patrol will search the house, discover them, marry them and rape them. This is what happened on the way to the Kabul offensive, when many young girls they were kidnapped from their own homes and used as sex slaves by militiamen.
Afghan girls are going to class in Herat this Tuesday. Photo: AFP
In these 20 years of occupation, Kabul became a cosmopolitan city. The women went without burqa, attended mixed classes at the university, held executive positions in companies, were television presenters, deputies, governors or ministers.
Enamullah Samangani, a member of the Taliban cultural commission, said: “The Islamic Emirate does not want women to be victims.” They should have a government structure in accordance with Islamic law. “
“The structure of the government it’s not entirely clearBut from experience, there should be a fully Islamic leadership and all parties should come together, “he said.
When asked if women could hold government positions, she replied: “Our policy is clear. They can access education and work. That is one thing. They can have positions. But those charges must be kept under Islamic rule. There is a framework for it, ”he replied.
A message to the West
The spokesperson sent a message to Boris Johnson and the Westerners. “They must respect the aspirations of the people of Afghanistan. It is their obligation because they were behind the destruction of Afghanistan in these 20 years. It is a moral obligation to help rebuild Afghanistan and help its people start a new life and a new chapter, ”he appealed.
A hand extended to the West to participate in the reconstruction of Afghanistan and in the humanitarian aid that President Joe Biden suggested in his speech on Monday. They expect the support of the international community to rebuild the country after the war.
“The United States must withdraw its forces from across the country but the Taliban is committed not to attack them,” Shaheen said. They have already violated the framework in which the Doha agreements were written, ”he said.
In his message to the West, the Taliban spokesman insisted that “there will be no groups or individuals” who are allowed asylum in Afghanistan to terrorist activities.
Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar is designated as the next head of government. Photo: AFP
When pressed on the desperation of the people to flee the country until they fell from the planes, the spokesperson replied: “The Taliban is not responsible. People want to leave because Afghanistan is poor“, answered.
The Taliban’s quick victory was explained by the spokesperson by cultural affinity. “Our demands are similar. Our culture is similar. Everything is similar. We are closer to the people than they, the previous government. The main leader Amir Khan Muttaqi is in the capital of Afghanistan negotiating with the political leaders of Kabul.
The Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, who is the number two Taliban and is leading the Doha negotiations, could be the head of government.