This vision can be described as a “step-by-step policy”, whereby these countries take a set of open measures towards Syria, provided that the Syrian authorities take corresponding steps, and so on until the issue is resolved.
In recent weeks, Syrian-Jordanian relations have witnessed remarkable progress on the political and economic levels, culminating in a phone call in early October between President Bashar al-Assad and King Abdullah II, the first since 2011.
The Jordanian vision, according to the sources, crystallized in recent months, and was informally presented by King Abdullah II to a number of countries concerned with the Syrian file, especially the United States, during his recent participation in the United Nations General Assembly meetings in New York.
The proposal made by Jordan is based mainly on creating a common regional and international understanding, which considers that the political trend towards “changing the Syrian government” did not produce any clear field results on the ground, but rather increased the levels of deterioration in all Syrian files, whether political or economic, including Including the increase in the number of displaced and displaced Syrians, who have turned into a regional and international crisis.
For this reason, another path, different in approach and goal, could create other results, especially positive engagement with the Syrian government, prompting it to take corresponding steps, and thus creating the atmosphere to end the war that has been raging for years.
The Jordanian vision, which was revealed identically by many political sources and the media, was not denied by the Jordanian side, which suggests its validity.
Jordanian Vision Paths
The Jordanian vision is based on establishing five paths of mutual engagement with the Syrian file: one based on revitalizing international aid granted to the Syrian people, especially by increasing the border crossings through which that aid flows.
Another pushes towards increasing the pace of the return of Syrian refugees to their country, specifically through Damascus accepting a set of steps that facilitate that voluntary return, such as the refugees living in the Rukban camp in Jordan.
The third track presented by Jordan is to create a bilateral reconciliation between the authority and the opposition, to prepare the atmosphere for a political solution in the country.
The fourth direction provides for support for investigation and accountability in cases of torture, absenteeism and the rest of the crimes committed in Syria, by all parties, so that the final step is reached, i.e. the fifth direction in the Syrian issue, which is the political solution according to Security Council Resolution No. 2254.
Researcher and activist Basil Al-Jundi explained in an interview with “Sky News Arabia” the motives of this Jordanian endeavor and the possibility of its realization on the foreseeable horizon.
He said: “Jordan feels more pressure as a result of Iran’s increasing expansion in Syria, Iraq and Lebanon, and considers that the Arab estrangement in engaging in files and conflicts within these countries is what has allowed more Iranian singularity and its ability to dominate the political tracks in these countries.”
He continued, “For this reason, Jordan wants an Arab/international coordination group, which seeks to create paths and open the way for other solutions and options in these Arab countries, even as a matter of careful experimentation in its early stages.”
According to al-Jundi, “Jordan does not have any guarantees that its initiative will be crowned with success, due to the convergence of two forms of resistance, from a party that the Syrian government fears that any real concession by it will lead to changing the facts on the ground, and consequently the disintegration of the foundations of its stability.”
He continued, “Also, the main forces in the international community fear that their involvement in such a path will lead to the return of political recognition to the Syrian government, without this leading to any real alternative political path in the Syrian file.”