The destruction of democracy in Venezuela and Nicaragua after having used it to achieve power, is reason enough to fear that Pedro Castillo intends to implant a similar deception in Peru or is heading towards the dictatorship of the proletariat intended by the Leninism of his party, prior demolition of the current institutionality. The acclimatization of elected despotism is unlikely in the Andes because the Constituent Assembly that would cement its development must be convened with the consensus of large majorities, which Peru Libre lacks, so that it reflects social plurality. Castillo does not have them, nor does a movement similar to the MAS, of Evo Morales, or the PT, of Lula, support him, nor can he summon it as during the military junta of Morales Bermúdez.
The presidential elections have shown that the alerts about the loss of freedoms and rights and the advent of a repressive and ruinous totalitarianism did not make a dent in the millions of voters already ruined by the pandemic and unemployment. 75% of Peruvian workers are informal. The scarecrow of communism did not scare Peru from the Marxist vulgate or the forgotten one since the viceroyalty of Blasco Núñez. Political crime and the inept in the race did the rest in a nation with six outsiders presidents for the second round rearrangements.
Castillo vowed to leave the presidency in 2026 if he won it. Like Ollanta Humala, it would be convenient for him to swear it before a notary public to clear up the doubts of the barracks, investors and, fundamentally, the democrats: that he sign the commitment in defense of the military’s democracy that also instilled suspicions since he starred in a military uprising.
The Venezuelan Carlos Rangel, a popularizer of liberalism, advocated a capitalist revolution that would reward the entrepreneurship of Peruvians who came down from the mountains to supply the consumption of Lima, overcoming the accumulation of ordinances, prohibitions and abuses. “What would not these people do if the socio-political system instead of punishing their entrepreneurial spirit triggered it! That is the revolution that we need in the region. No, the stupid and reactionary Marxist revolution! ”.
Your essay From the good savage to the good revolutionary (1976), considered the antithesis of The Open Veins of Latin America (1971), by Eduardo Galeano, denounced that authoritarianism, populism, state idolatry and nationalist victimhood aggravate in Latin America evils already present in pre-Columbian and colonial societies and in the nineteenth-century republics.
Half a century later, the Uruguayan’s truths about the development of the United States and Europe at the expense of the underdevelopment of the Third World are dogma in Castillo and the revolutionaries rooted in the Theory of Dependency. It is time for them to also reflect on the truths of Rangel to create wealth without losing freedom. Otherwise, everything will continue the same or worse.