The International airport of the Region will not bear the name of the famous Murcian engineer Juan de la Cierva, since the Ministry of Transport and Mobility has rejected such designation, based on a report that links the inventor of the autogyro with the military uprising of 1936. This opinion was requested by the central government from Ángel Viñas, Emeritus Professor of History and member of the PSOE. He attributes to Juan de la Cierva “his role in the rental of the most famous plane in contemporary Spanish history, the ‘Dragon Rapide'”, used by Franco.
The airport’s name change was requested from the Ministry as a result of an agreement adopted by the Regional Assembly in 2017, in recognition of the inventor of the autogyro. The controversy jumped at that time, since the Federation of Associations of Historical Memory of the Region opposed this initiative, for considering the aviator a “necessary collaborator in the coup d’etat of 36”.
During the process, which has lasted four years, the State Secretariat for Democratic Memory last month communicated its negative report to Minister José Luis Ábalos, considering that the request of the Murcian Government “is contrary to the 2007 law (of Historical Memory), which aims to avoid any exaltation of the military uprising, the Civil War and the repression of the dictatorship. It is based on the report by Ángel Viñas, «where the participation of the aviator and engineer Juan de la Cierva in the preparation of the attempted coup of July 18, 1936». The inventor of the autogyro died in December of that year in an accident.
Viñas’ report was signed in January, and Viñas had already expressed his objections to this initiative two years earlier. The name change, however, had the endorsement of the Congress of Deputies, whose Development Commission approved that in February 2019 a non-law proposal of the PP in this regard. The Socialists abstained and Podemos voted against it.
Civil Aviation “recognizes” you
As a result of the refusal of the Secretary of State for Democratic Memory, the General Directorate of Civil Aviation has now communicated to the Ministry of Development that “it is not possible to continue with the administrative procedure for changing the name of the airport.” However, in his letter to the counselor, the director of Civil Aviation, Raúl Medina, “recognizes the great aeronautical legacy and the contribution to aviation of Juan de la Cierva Codorniú, inventor of the autogyro and internationally recognized engineer. This recognition is based on the fact that the study of their technical achievements and their footprint in our aeronautics have been part of the training process of all the aeronautical engineers who currently make up and direct this management center. However, from the Civil Aviation Directorate, it is not appropriate to question the conclusions of the Democratic Memory Secretariat, which correspond to aspects unrelated to the aeronautical field ”.
Awards with your name
The senator of the PP Juan María Vázquez showed his “indignation” this Friday and recalled that since 2001 “the national awards for technology transfer are called Juan de la Cierva and, for 15 years, one of the most important state programs for the recruitment of researchers also bear his name. ‘ Likewise, several secondary schools in the region bear the name of Juan de la Cierva.
A folio and a half report to judge the inventor of the autogyro
«Sometimes there is a but, such an illustrious character (who already gives his names to well-known postdoctoral research grants and a National Award) is not exempt from shadows. Among them is his role in the rental of the most famous aircraft in contemporary Spanish history, the ‘Dragon Rapide’. There is more, ”the historian Ángel Viñas wrote about Juan de la Cierva in 2019, as a result of the controversy that the regional airport bears his name.
The Ministry of Presidency and Democratic Memory later requested a report, which Viñas presented on January 26 from Brussels, and which is summarized in a page and a half with nine considerations on the participation, in his opinion, of Juan de la Cierva in The conspiracy.
As is known, the Barajas airport changed its name in 2014 to be called Adolfo Suárez, as a tribute to the former president of the Government, who piloted the Transition. Suárez previously held various positions in the Franco regime, including that of civil governor of Ávila. He was also linked to the General Secretariat of the Movement.