With the economy hit hard, the last five years left 862,042 contributors in arrears with the AFIP with a debt of $ 266,000 million. The data comes from the report that the Chief of Staff, Santiago Cafiero, gave to the Senate days ago.
The official arrived at the Upper House to present a report that responded to the more than 1100 questions that senators had sent him in recent months, ranging from vaccinations to economic activity. There, one of the legislators asked him about the number of taxpayers in arrears and the amount they owe to AFIP.
Cafiero’s answer, in the Item 120, is that the number of defaulters between January 1, 2016 and May 9 of this year is 862,052 individuals. The credit in favor of the AFIP for unpaid taxes is $ 266,860 million.
Despite inquiries from Clarion, the AFIP did not give details about how these debts are composed or what type of taxpayers are those who are in default.
Not all the arrears reported by Cafiero have been prosecuted. In the same report to the Senate, he pointed out that the AFIP has open 35,630 contentious tax lawsuits, 910,297 tax executions in process, 19,402 trials for bankruptcies and bankruptcies and almost 10,000 criminal cases.
To these data must be added the taxpayers who entered the moratorium: it is about 1.2 million companies and people that add up to debts of $ 533,000 million.
The three years of recession that lasted between 2018 and 2020 made a dent in the collection, which this year begins to recover. So far this year, in real terms – discounting the effect of inflation – went up 20%.
From the start of the administration of the Frente de Todos, the tax pressure went from 28.8% to 32%, according to an IARAF report. Increase in withholdings, creation of the PAIS tax and more load in Earnings are some of the taxes that were added.
The economist Aldo Abram, executive director of the Fundación Libertad y Progreso, commented that “the tax pressure that in Argentina is suffocating for companies and consequently increasing the premium for evading taxes“.
“The reason why companies try to see how they can pay the least amount of taxes and do not enter the moratoriums, first of all, is because they are so bad that they cannot even pay a moratorium “Abram pointed out.
The economist pointed out that “today many They regret having participated in the laundering of the previous government; since now the rules of the game have changed and they are killing them with taxes. “
Gabriel Hermida, Tax partner of Auren Argentina, said that the World Bank’s 2019 “Doing Business” report established that the tax burden represents 106% of the profits of an Argentine company, against 65% in Brazil, 36.8% in Peru and 34% in Chile. “Crossing the river we have Uruguay that has not stopped establishing innumerable benefits for several years to attract investors to expand its economy.”
“We have a backward, non-competitive tax system, devoid of all legal security, which scares away investments; and instead of having a State that understands that we are not going to move forward that way, what it does is continue to suffocate taxpayers “, Hermida said.
The effect of the moratorium
Last year, the AFIP launched a broad moratorium for taxpayers hit by the pandemic and quarantine. The official information details that they were generated 1.2 million payment plans that allowed to regularize $ 533,000 million in past due tax, pension and customs debt.
At the beginning of this year, this represented the 71.4% of registered debts in the AFIP systems. Five months ago, when presenting the data, the AFIP indicated that “the 2020 Moratorium offered an instrument to face the economic difficulties that dragged the Argentine economy in 2019 and cushion the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the entire network productive”.
The taxpayers who entered this moratorium got an average reduction of 28.6% of your debts, “A figure that represents a fiscal effort in excess of $ 213,000 million,” said AFIP.
69% of all regularized debt corresponds to SMEs. Large companies represented 13.9% of the total. For their part, non-profit entities such as neighborhood clubs, cooperatives, public universities and civil associations accounted for 7% of all past due obligations entered. Meanwhile, small taxpayers accounted for 3.3% of the amounts entered.
Most of the companies that joined the moratorium are from the manufacturing sector. Industrial firms entered overdue obligations for more than $ 109,000 million, a figure that represents 20.5% of the total consolidated amount. The second most relevant item was trade and repairs with an amount greater than the $ 88,000 million.