El Salvador is one of the countries with the strictest anti-abortion laws in the world termination of pregnancy is prohibited in all cases, even when the baby has been the product of a rape. And those women who suffer problems in pregnancy are suspected of having an abortion, something classified as an aggravated homicide.
Just three months ago, the Supreme Court of Justice of El Salvador ordered the release of three women who had been sentenced to 30 years in prison for not having completed their pregnancies.
The three women, who claim to have suffered spontaneous abortions, had been found guilty of aggravated homicide. Alba Rodríguez and María del Tránsito Orellana had already served nine years of their sentence, while Cinthia Rodríguez had been in jail for more than 11 years.
This Thursday, another woman sentenced in 2009 in El Salvador to 30 years in prison for aggravated homicide, allegedly committed at the time of the abortion, was released after the commutation of the sentence, a spokesperson for an organization that supported the law told Efe. woman.
The source, of the Citizens Association for the Decriminalization of Therapeutic, Ethical and Eugenic Abduction, explained that the release of Salvadora Díaz was possible after the commutation of the sentence that was based on a “favorable” opinion of the Supreme Court of Justice and of the National Criminological Council.
He pointed out that “criteria of justice and fairness” were one of the reasons why the Supreme Court of Justice decided to grant the commutation of the sentence.
He indicated that the Court of Justice also assessed a criminological opinion presented by the Criminological Council that “provided important inputs that allowed corroborating the extremely personal and social disadvantages in which Salvador lived”, who comes from a large family and limited economic resources.
According to the source, the woman, who already has two children and was incarcerated at the Minor Detention Center in the town of Izalco (east), was arrested after “facing an obstetric emergency.”
Díaz, 32 years old, was sentenced to 30 years in prison in March 2009 by the Sentencing Court of Cojutepeque, the same court where on June 24 the trial against the young Evelyn Hernández, prosecuted for the crime, will be held. of aggravated homicide committed to supposedly abort.
For the Citizen Group for the Decriminalization of Abortion “is another achievement along with organizations, nations and international organizations that support and defend women who are unfairly prosecuted and criminalized,” said his spokesman.
In addition, he added that for this non-governmental organization it is “important to continue with the struggle to ensure that the remaining women who are still in prison obtain their freedom.”
The Center for Justice and International Law (Cejil) celebrated the release of Diaz and noted that “these are crucial steps to ensure the life and health of women, over the establishment of sexist and patriarchal justice.”
In El Salvador, women who suffer complications of pregnancy that give rise to miscarriages and stillbirths are usually suspected of having an abortion, prohibited in all circumstances and classified as an aggravated homicide.